Zwaan, Marcel (Shell Intl. E&P Co.) | Hartmans, Rob (Petroleum Development Oman) | Schoofs, Stan (Shell Intl. E&P Co.) | De Zwart, Albert Hendrik (Shell Intl EP Co) | Rocco, Guillermo (Petroleum Development Oman) | Adawi, Rashid (PDO) | Saadi, Faisal (PDO) | Shuaili, Khalfan (PDO) | Lopez, Jorge L. (Shell Intl. E&P Co.) | Ita, joel (Shell Global Solutions International) | Lhomme, Tanguy Plerre Yves (Delft U. of Technology) | Sorop, Tibi (Shell) | Qiu, Yuan (Shell International B.V.) | van den Hoek, Paul (Shell) | Al Kindy, Fahad (Petroleum Development Oman) | Al-Busaidi, Said (Petroleum Development Oman) | Fraser, John Elliot (Petroleum Development Oman)
PDO has implemented Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) methods including thermal, chemical and miscible gas injection projects in several fields. In the initial phase of these EOR projects, well and reservoir surveillance is key to increase the understanding of the effectiveness of the EOR processes in the various reservoirs.
However, the interpretation of this advanced surveillance data and integration into well and reservoir management workflows is still challenging. This paper describes the results of the integrated workflows for the interpretation, modeling and integration of surveillance data in four EOR projects. The surveillance methods include geomechanical modeling, thermal reservoir modeling and monitoring through time lapse seismic, surface deformation, microseismic, temperature, pressure and saturation logging. This paper shows that the surveillance has contributed to the understanding of recovery mechanism in a pattern steam flood, it has supported decisions well-recompletions and work-overs and it has supported decisions on injection rates and surveillance planning in the chemical flood project.