Accurate Production Profiling in Deviated ESP Wells Affected with Recirculation with Advanced Production LoggingTool

Agrawal, Gaurav (Schlumberger) | Kumar, Ajit (Schlumberger) | Mishra, Siddharth (Schlumberger) | Dutta, Shaktim (Schlumberger) | Khambra, Isha (Schlumberger) | Chaudhary, Sunil (ONGC) | Sarma, K. V. (ONGC) | Murthy, M. S. (ONGC)

OnePetro 

Abstract

Objectives/Scope: XYZ is one of the marginal fields of Mumbai Offshore Basin located in western continental shelf of India. Wells in this field were put on ESP for increasing the production. Regular production profiling with traditional production logging was done in these wells to ascertain the water producing zones if any and do the subsequent well intervention if required.

Methods, Procedures, Process: In few deviated wells with low reservoir pressure, low flow rates and large casing size, massive recirculation was observed due to which spinner readings were highly affected. In such scenarios, quantitative interpretation with conventional production logging is highly difficult. Only qualitative interpretation based on temperature and holdup measurements can be made which might not completely fulfill the objective. In one of the deviated wells, massive recirculation was observed due to large casing size. Recirculation on ESP wells is generally not expected due to high energy pressure drawdown exerted on the well. Traditional production logging imposed difficulty in interpretation due to recirculation. Only qualitative interpretation was made from temperature and holdup measurements. Hence advanced production logging tool called Flow Scan Imager (FSI*) with 5 minispinners, 6 sets of electrical and optical probes, designed for highly deviated and horizontal wells to delineate flow affected due to well trajectory, was suggested for quantitative interpretation in such wells suffering with recirculation.

Results, Observations, Conclusions: In the next well, production profiling was to be done before ESP installation in similar completion as the last well. Therefore, huge recirculation phenomenon was expected in the well. FSI was proposed in this deviated well with recirculation for production profiling and also for finding out the complex flow regime inside the wellbore. FSI helped in proper visualization of the downhole flow regime with the help of multispinners and probes. Quantitative interpretation was made with the help of FSI data. Also, quantification was confirmed inside the tubing (lesser cross section area) where no recirculation is expected as the mini spinner does not collapse inside the wellbore. In traditional production logging, it is generally not possible due to the collapsing of full bore spinners inside tubing. Better understanding of the flow regime can be obtained with FSI than conventional production logging due to the presence of multiple sensors. Later interventions using FSI results have shown significant oil gains.

Novel/Additive Information: FSI was used in deviated ESP wells with recirculation for production profiling, accurate quantification, better understanding of flow regimes and to take improved well intervention decisions.