Performance Analysis of a V-Shaped Semisubmersible Floating Offshore Wind Turbine for Deep Water

Zhang, Lixian (Dalian University of Technology) | Shi, Wei (Dalian University of Technology) | Karimirad, Madjid (Queen's University) | Ning, Dezhi (Dalian University of Technology)

OnePetro 

ABSTRACT

Currently, the development of renewable energy has become a trend with the increasing demand for energy. Wind energy, as a renewable source of energy, is also getting more attention. Increasing effort is devoted to developing floating offshore wind turbines in deep water. In this paper, a V-shaped semisubmersible floating wind turbine was adopted to investigate the dynamic response of the system. Numerical simulations are conducted using aero-hydro coupled analysis in a time domain. The performance of the V-shaped semisubmersible floating wind turbine with respect to global platform motion, mooring line tensions and tower base moment is evaluated in this study. It turns out that the V-shaped semisubmersible offshore wind turbine is a promising concept that provides a good practice for the application of wind energy in deep water in the future.

INTRODUCTION

Currently, due to energy deficiency, many countries are devoted to developing renewable energy to meet energy demands. According to the Chinese 13th renewable energy development five year plan, by 2020, total electric from renewable energy will grow to up to 27% of the total electricity generated(NDRC, 2017). Wind energy, one of the promising renewable energies, has attracted more and more attention because of its low environmental pollution. Compared with onshore wind energy, offshore wind energy has better wind condition, unlimited sites and negligible environmental impact. Especially in China, the area with rich onshore wind resource is far from the energy consumption center, which is located near the eastern coastline (Li et al., 2012). A number of studies have been carried out for offshore wind turbine analysis (Jiang et al., 2015; Shi et al., 2016; Shi et al., 2014). The bottom-fixed wind turbine is not suitable for deep water due to increase in cost (Shi, 2015). Therefore, the floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) is becoming one of the promising solutions.

According to the offshore oil and gas industry, several different foundations are suitable for FOWT: spar buoy, tension leg platform (TLP), semi-submersible platform and barge. In particular, the semisubmersible platform, compared with spar buoy and TLP, has more feasibility in various water depth, seabed conditions and low installation costs due to the simpler installation (it is fully constructed onshore). The semi-submersible platform can also avoid the main energy range of the waves because of its relatively large natural period. The OC4 semi-submersible offshore wind turbine was simulated by Bayati (2014) to focus on the impact of second-order hydrodynamics on semi-submersible platforms. Moreover, the second-order hydrodynamic force can stimulate the oscillation of the platform and further cause fatigue damage to the structure. How the mooring systems influence the motion of the FOWT (Masciola and Robertson, 2013) determined by using coupled and uncoupled model on DeepCwind semi-submersible FOWT. Luan et al. (2016) employed a braceless semi-submersible platform to establish a numerical model and performed extreme sea states analysis on a braceless semi-submersible platform. The results showed that the platform has good stability under extreme sea and is a good design concept. A 5 WM wind turbine was employed by Kim et al. (2017), and WindFloat and OC4 floating platform were carried out to focus on the motion of FOWT and evaluating the mooring system force by using FAST (Jonkman, 2005) code.