Jasmine Field, Gulf of Thailand, Fill and Spill History Across Faults: A Fault-Seal Calibration

Davies, Russell (SLB) | Wilson, Paul (SLB) | Povey, Danny (SLB) | Prasongtham, Pattarapong (Mubadala Energy) | Shibano, Siriporn (Mubadala Energy) | Ampaiwan, Tianpan (Mubadala Energy) | Saifuddin, Farid (Mubadala Energy)


Abstract Compartmentalization of reservoirs in operating fields is commonly caused by sealing of faults (Cerveny et al., 2004; Davies and Handschy, 2003;Davies et al., 2019; Knipe, 1992; Yielding et al., 1997; Yielding et al., 2010). Calibrating this seal, however, is difficult without adequate subsurface data. A local region across the central part of the Jasmine Field, Jasmine A, along the northern extent of the Pattani basin in the Gulf of Thailand, was selected in this study for detailed fault-seal analysis calibration. The objective was to present the details of the fill and spill history from a juxtaposition analysis across the faults. The large number of well penetrations with fluid and lithofacies data and the 3D models of mapped permeability distribution provided a subsurface framework to reduce the uncertainty and allow a more comprehensive analysis of the crossfault reservoir juxtaposition and fluid contact levels. Crossfault flow behavior and fill and spill history were evaluated by examining fluid contacts in a strike view of the fault, with the properties juxtaposed. The Jasmine Field is a narrow structural high that is cut by many NE-SW and NNW-NNE trending faults forming fault-bounded compartments. Reservoirs in the field are typically thin, stacked high-permeability fluvial sandstones of primarily Miocene age separated by thin shale beds that occur over a depth range of several thousand meters. Many of the sands have unique hydrocarbon-water contacts of oil or gas and water. Reservoir juxtaposition across the faults suggests that fault seal plays a major role in the trap. By comparing fluid contacts in each fault block, cases with different contacts across the fault likely represent a fault membrane seal. Contacts occurring at the same height suggest crossfault leakage. The evaluation was done by estimating permeability distributions across the fault. These results, however, were not adequately determined simply from the fluid contacts on either side of the fault: fill histories in adjacent fault blocks and lateral structural controls also had to be accounted for. The results together allowed a unique fill and spill history to be defined. The results of the juxtaposition analysis for the main faults bounding the local structural trap in Jasmine A provided a calibration for a 3D analysis of the faults, including estimation of fault-rock properties.

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