Research on Natural Gas Separation Flow Laws in a New Type of Supersonic Cyclone Separator

Liang, Huirong (University of North Dakota, Xi'an Shiyou University) | Zhang, Shuai (Xi'an Shiyou University) | Kang, Yong (Xi'an Shiyou University) | Ling, Kegang (University of North Dakota)


The supersonic separation is a new approach to dehydrate the natural gas in recent years. In the conventional structure, the straight tube is typically combined with a cyclone to create a strong vortex flow. The shock wave usually occurs near the swirling device in the supersonic separator, which can make the flow unstable and decrease the separation efficiency. Due to removing the negative effects of the shockwave, a newtype helical guide blade is designed as the swirling device, installed in the separate straight tube in the supersonic cyclone separator. The flow characteristics in the supersonic separator was investigated and the geometry structure was optimized by performing the computational fluid dynamics modeling methods. The optimization results showed that the model with a converging tube of 190 mm length, a diverging tube of half-cone angle of 5 and a single blade installed in the middle position, is the best supersonic separator model in the dehydration process, which can create the most stable flow field and achieve the optimum separation. In addition, when the outlet back pressure in the diffuser tube is 1 Mpa 1.5 Mpa, the separation performance will be better.