Pan, Zhejun (CSIRO Energy) | Heryanto, Deasy (CSIRO Energy) | Down, David (CSIRO Energy) | Connell, Luke (CSIRO Energy) | Camilleri, Michael (CSIRO Energy) | Tan, Yuling (CSIRO Energy) | Sander, Regina (CSIRO Energy)
Cooper Basin is one of the most important onshore oil and gas producing basins in Australia. It also has the most prospective unconventional tight gas and shale gas opportunities. As tight sandstones or gas shales have low permeability, understanding the permeability behaviour is important for the production of these gas resources. In this work, tight sandstone and shale samples were obtained from an exploration well in the Cooper Basin, Australia, and they were cut into cubic samples with about 30 mm on each side using a wire saw. The cubic sample was then placed in a 3D printed membrane, therefore, permeability along each directional axis can be measured. Methane was used to characterise the permeability. Effects of gas pressure and effective stress were studied with gas pressure up to 9.5 MPa and effective stress up to 7.0 MPa. The results shows that the shale has strong permeability anisotropy at different direction. The sandstone sample also showed anisotropic behaviour, but not as significant as the shale. Finally, a reservoir simulator, SIMED II, is used to study the gas production from tight sandstone and shale using hydraulic fractured vertical and horizontal wells. The simulation results show that permeability plays a critical role in the gas production behaviour from tight sandstones and shales.