An Integrated Approach in Characterization of Triple Porosity Nisku Reefs Alberta: A Quest from Core and Borehole Images to 3D Earth Model

Zaluski, Wade (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Andjelkovic, Dragan (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Xu, Cindy (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Rivero, Jose A. (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Faskhoodi, Majid (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Ali Lahmar, Hakima (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Mukisa, Herman (Schlumberger Canada LTD) | Kadir, Hanatu (Schlumberger Canada Limited now with ExxonMobil) | Ibelegbu, Charles (Schlumberger Canada Limited) | Pearson, Warren (Pulse Oil Operating Corp) | Ameuri, Raouf (Schlumberger Canada Limited) | Sawchuk, William (Pulse Oil Operating Corp)


Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is an economic way of producing the remaining oil out of previously produced Devonian Pinnacle Reefs in the Nisku Formation within the Bigoray area of Alberta. To maximize the recovery factor of the remaining oil, it was necessary to first characterize the geological structure, matrix reservoir properties, vugular porosity and the natural fracture network of these two carbonate reefs. This characterization model was then used for reservoir simulation history matching and production forecasting further discussed by (Rivero, 2019). With the enhanced resolution of a reprocessed 3D seismic volume, more accurate seismic interpretation was completed to better delineate the internal and external structure of the reefs. The petrophysical analysis and core interpretation showed that the two reefs could be divided into two zones; the bottom zone has low porosity and the upper zone has high porosity that was targeted in previous well completion schemes. These zones were easily picked on well logs and when using Seismic Ant Tracking attributes, were accurately interpreted within the seismic volume. With the framework of the geomodel developed, rock type, porosity, permeability and water saturation were interpolated within the reservoir. Because natural fractures in these carbonate reservoirs are known to be an important part of fluid movement, it was important to characterize the discrete fracture network. In one well, a borehole image successfully quantified the properties of the natural fracture network. The observed fracture density (5 fractures/m) suggested discreate fracture zones throughout the well which was also confirmed with core fracture mapping. As part of the geomodel, a discrete fracture model (DFN) was generated; Seismic Ant Tracking was used to interpolate the fracture intensity within the reservoir. In these Devonian Pinnacle Reefs, and in other reservoirs, before investing in an EOR scheme, it is critical for the operator to understand the geologic structure and the petrophysical characteristics of the reservoir in as much detail as possible. This paper demonstrates how log and seismic data that is up to 40 years old can be converted to modern data types and be used to characterize a reservoir in a way not possible before.