Integrated Formation Evaluation Using High Resolution Sedimentary and Facies Analysis an Aid for Field Development: A Case Study from North Kuwait

Sanyal, Arunava (KOC) | Kumar, Sanjeev (KOC) | Al Awadh, Ahmed (KOC) | Al Samhan, Sarah (KOC) | Al Azmi, Jassim (KOC) | Sikdar, Koushik (Schlumberger) | Sultan, Gamal Ali (Schlumberger) | Das, Sourav (Schlumberger)



Zubair Formation is one of the key producers in North Kuwait; however, the reservoir complexity and hydrocarbon movement along with pressure depletion always poses challenge for determining the perforation and completion strategy to optimize the production. Zubair Formation is broadly divided into three parts e.g. upper, middle and lower, the upper and lower units are of utmost importance for the current study. An integrated approach was adopted utilizing the high-resolution borehole image outputs; which has not only helped in identifying thin bedded reservoir zones but also facilitated the understanding of detail reservoir geology and sand dispersion.

Integrated formation evaluation and workover design is always the key to sustain the production and it becomes even more important when the reservoir is highly heterogeneous in nature and coupled with declining pressure trend. Therefore, an innovative methodology was necessary to address the uncertainties. High resolution borehole images were utilized to determine the sand count, which can detect even the thinnest reservoir layer in the formation. Heterogeneity analysis was also performed to understand the relative sorting of the different reservoir units; sorting has a direct relation with reservoir permeability and thus reservoir productivity. High resolution sedimentary analysis was performed to understand the detailed sedimentology using the borehole image derived dip data; cross bedding types were identified which provides fair idea about depositional energy condition along with depositional environment. All the high-resolution inputs were integrated with openhole logs and volumetric results, which led to a clear deterministic picture of the reservoir, based on which crucial decision was taken.

This integrated approach was adopted in three deviated well sections in Zubair formation, which has facilitated in improving the well performance. Detail sedimentary analysis and cross bedding typing in multiwell helps in fine tuning the sand dispersion in the reservoir model; which in turn found to be helpful for deciding future well locations.