Improving Oil Recovery from a Matured Waterflood Reservoir by the Integration and History Matching of available Pressures, Production and Fluid Saturation/Fluid-Contacts

Okpani, Olu (Chevron Nigeria Ltd) | Ambastha, Anil (Chevron Nigeria Ltd)



Even though the solutions of numerical reservoir simulation are pressures, production rates and fluid saturations; rarely are the fluid-saturations/fluid-contacts included in the history-matching process. History matching to all the available pressures, production rates and fluid saturations/fluid-contacts should increase reliability of a simulation model for forecasting. This history-matching concept was applied to a matured waterflood reservoir (H).

The H reservoir was discovered in 1970. It is vertically divided into two main zones (HA and HC).The reservoir started production in 1971 and has been under peripheral water injection since 1984. Nine producers and one injector have been completed in the reservoir. Currently only two producers (HC-104 and HA-111) and one injector (HAC-53) are active in the reservoir with a current recovery factor at 51%.

The H reservoir was history matched to the following observed data set: RFT pressure (4 wells), static well pressure (9 wells), flowing wellhead pressure (2 current producers), allocated well production (9 wells), and Fluid-Contacts/Fluid-Saturations (8 open- hole logs). History matching of the flowing wellhead pressure, which was done using flowtables, helped to resolve the gas-lift injection volume in well HA-111.

The simulation study was initially done without rigorous attempt to match historical fluid contacts from open-hole logs. Even though reasonable production/pressure match were obtained in some of the wells, the model produced excessive water in well HA-30 and could not achieve water breakthrough in well HC-104. The simulation was then improved by actively history matching the fluid-saturation/fluid-contacts from historical open-hole well logs. Good history match was obtained for pressures, production and fluid-saturation/fluid-contacts in the wells. This resulted in the identification of one new drill opportunity and three workover opportunities with a potential to increase the estimated recovery factor to 64%.