A High-Resolution Chemostratigraphy Application in Carbonates. A case study in the Cretaceous Mishrif reservoir, Minagish Field, Kuwait

Gezeeri, Taher Mohd Nabil (Kuwait Oil Company) | Hamim, Ahmed Ibrahim (Kuwait oil Company) | Zereik, Rachad (Halliburton) | Hughes, Simon Nicholas (Halliburton Sperry-Sun Drilling Services) | Scheibe, Christian (Halliburton sperry sun drilling services)


The Upper Cretaceous Mishrif reservoir in Minagish field is currently being developed by Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) using a horizontal drilling program. The Mishrif reservoir is approximately 300 ft thick across the field, with an average net pay of 170 ft in the upper layers. The reservoir porosity varies from 15 to 30%, and permeability ranges from 0.001 to 17mD. The first Mishrif horizontal well was drilled from west to east in the northern block of Minagish field. The well appears to have penetrated several generations of faults and associated fractures (early northwest to southeast, intermediate northeast to southwest, and possible late northwest to southeast. The production rate has been poor (approximately 500 bbl oil per day). An evaluation of the image logs indicated that only two of the reservoir layers appear to be fractured, whereas other layers are muddy and devoid of fractures, even near faults. To address the structural and stratigraphic uncertainties of the Mishrif reservoir, a high-resolution elemental chemostratigraphy study was performed on cored wells prior to additional drilling. The study produced a robust elemental zonation primarily based on variations in CaO/MgO, CaO/Sr, and MgO/Sr (carbonate-related), SiO2/Al2O3 and Zr/TiO2 (detrital-related), and Br, S, Na2O, and Cl (diagenetic phases and/or formation waters). The study results were used to calibrate a portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument, which was used for near real-time chemostratigraphy at the wellsite to assist in geosteering operations. The recent horizontal well penetrated a highly faulted section in Mishrif layer 2, with significant changes in dip related to faults. LIBS technology assisted in actively optimizing the well path in the porous limestone zone, only 5 to 10 ft thick, within this structurally complex regime. The distribution of possible fracture swarms and faults was reflected by abrupt changes in the geochemical profiles (MgO/CaO, S, [Ni+V+Fe2O3]/Al2O3, Na2O, and Cl). This well achieved a new record for the longest horizontal drain hole in Kuwait.