Optimization of Suitable Measurement Position Through Fluid Dynamics in Early Kick Detection

Sun, Hehui (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC) | Lao, Liyun (SWEE school, Cranfield University) | Li, Dengyue (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC) | Tao, Qinglong (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC) | Ma, Hong (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC) | Li, Huaiyu (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC) | Song, Changhong (No.1 Mudlogging Company, BHDC, CNPC)



More and more early kick/loss detection (EKLD) devices are being used in drilling operations, whether in the field of onshore or offshore drilling. In the field of deepwater and offshore drilling, high-precision electromagnetic flowmeters and Coriolis flowmeters was used to measure the inlet and outlet flow rates of drilling fluids. Good effect was achieved, but are affected by drilling fluids, space limitation of the wellsite and production costs when in the field of shore drilling, engineers usually use the paddle- flowmeter and ultrasonic liquid level meter to measure the inlet and outlet flow. It exists the problem of low measurement accuracy and prolonged warning time. In order to improve the accuracy of measurement and the accuracy of early warning, the electromagnetic flowmeter has been studied in terms of flow measurement at the outlet of on-shore drilling. The study found that the installation position of the electromagnetic flowmeter in the V-shaped test pipeline is a key factor that determines the accuracy of measurements. The influence of different fluid types on the measurement was studied by fluid dynamics. The fluid model was established using Ansys fluent software, and the boundary conditions were set in conjunction with the relevant parameters of the drilling fluid. It was found that the descending segment of the V-shaped pipeline was suitable in the state of laminar and dispersed flow. It is an appropriate mounting position for the electric flow meter; for the slug flow, the rising section is a suitable installation position. The theoretical conclusion is verified by laboratory simulation and field tests. The results of theoretical research were used to optimize the design of the test pipeline, and the problems of transient large flow passage and solid-phase debris deposition in the field were solved, and good results were achieved. An automatic grouting module was developed based on the accurate measured outlet flow data. The automatic grouting operation is very helpful for the construction process of drilling and triping, improved the safety level of well control, and laid a good foundation for the large-scale application of EKLD devices in the field of shore drilling.