Directional survey errors - PetroWiki

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The following are some of the most common sources of error in directional drilling. The survey instrument's performance depends on the package design elements, calibration performance, and quality control during operation. System performance will functionally depend on the borehole inclination, azimuth, geomagnetic-field vector, and geographical position. Because of the dependency on sensing Earth's spin rate, the performance of gyro compassing tools is inversely proportional to the cosine of the latitude of wellbore location. For magnetic tools, high latitudes result in weaker horizontal components of Earth's field.