Advanced machine-learning methods combined with aspects of game theory are helping operators understand the drivers of water production and improve forecasting and economics in unconventional basins. What Damage Is Wrought by the Rush to Shut In Wells? The Permian Basin is now influencing the upstream water market on the way down, while many questions swirl around the implications of unprecedented shut-ins. Autonomous Inflow Control Valve technology demonstrates significant benefits within first year. As operators feel the pinch of low oil prices, so, too, do their service providers.