But why do some technologies get deployed while other seemingly superior technologies struggle to get traction? Subsea completions for gathering hydrocarbons from subsea wells have demonstrated both environmental and economic benefits for offshore oil and gas projects. Barriers and opportunities for expanded use of subsea completions involve both technological and regulatory issues. In recent times, we have been inundated with articles concerning the oil and gas industry’s race toward digitalization and automation. The pillars of such a transformation are the rapidly evolving industrial Internet of things, secure cloud computing, data analytics, AI, and machine learning.