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Regulators say the blowout that killed five workers on a Patterson-UTI rig in Oklahoma was the product of a slow-moving series of missed signals, misleading testing, and miscalculations that failed to control a natural gas influx. A new tool enables variable bore rams and shear rams to be tested in one run, cutting rig time significantly. Developing a well-specific subsea-capping contingency plan involves assessing the feasibility of deploying a capping stack from a floating vessel, determining the weight and stability, and performing dynamic-flow simulations of closing the capping stack outlets. Despite multitier safeguards, blowouts occur. When such accidents happen, rate estimation is an important and daunting task.