JPT Flow-Simulation Model Improves Analysis of Perforated-Rock Cleanup and Productivity 

In recent years, numerical tools increasingly have been used in conjunction with experiments to provide better insight into the flow characteristics of perforated cores and perforated well-scale formations. Several numerical studies on perforation fluid flow have been conducted for core scale. However, comprehensive details relating to the modeling of perforation-zone damage and thickness, flow directionality, debris mechanisms, and implications for cleanup have not been studied in detail. In addition, most computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies have used traditional Navier-Stokes-based solvers. In this study, the authors have used a commercially available flow-simulation software based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to calculate the complex flow and cleanup mechanisms around the perforation tunnel.