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This paper compares the results of gas identification and lithology identification using pulsed-neutron spectroscopy in openhole and casedhole environments. Coring is essential to offshore exploration programs—but sometimes cores are taken from the wrong formation or return to surface in poor condition. One firm thinks it can solve these costly issues with a first-of-a-kind coring device that uses logging instruments that add accuracy and integrity. The rising cost of fracturing offers a significant incentive for finding ways to avoid unproductive rock. One entrepreneur says he can use standard well logs to target the slice of rock likely produce most, and avoid the rest.