Challenges in a Multidisciplinary Approach for Explosion Design for Floating Facilities 

They are now becoming a reality, combining the design and installation of liquefied-natural-gas (LNG) units with a traditional floating production, storage, and offloading facility. Because FLNG facilities handle large flammable-gas quantities in a relatively small and congested environment compared with onshore LNG plants, the explosion risk is expected to be higher than that for some other offshore floating facilities. As a consequence, the intensity of the resulting blast loads on the unit can be more severe, even if the likelihood of explosion in the design is considered to be low through frequency analysis. Even if prevention and mitigation measures are implemented to reduce risk to as low as reasonably practicable, safety-critical elements (SCEs) such as main equipment and structures should be designed to withstand the blast event. Because the explosion events are very specific (high intensity and short duration), the common design rules and tools should be updated to take into account this accidental event.