Emerging technologies from medical science and the aerospace industry could have a disruptive impact on oil and gas operations. A panel of scientists looked into these technologies and discussed their potential role in the industry. Shell invested in a Singapore solar company and signed an agreement to purchase a Texas company with solar and other renewable assets. Along with its minority stake in a company that uses solar to generate steam for EOR in the Middle East, Shell catches some rays in the Asia Pacific, US, and Oman. In thermal enhanced oil recovery there is one big ingredient: steam.