What Damage Is Wrought by the Rush to Shut In Wells? The Permian Basin is now influencing the upstream water market on the way down, while many questions swirl around the implications of unprecedented shut-ins. The industry has very limited experience in shuttering production on a large scale in unconventional reservoirs. Many questions remain on how stimulated, nanodarcy shale reservoirs may respond. George King discusses the paradigm shifts needed in the industry.