Just as Nigeria gets to grips with militants who brought the nation’s oil industry to its knees a few years ago, another group of longstanding foes are slowly making a comeback: thieves. Recently, Nigeria's Department of Petroleum Resources issued guidelines in furtherance of the objectives of the Flare Gas (Prevention of Waste and Pollution) Regulations, 2018. Nigerian militants threatened on 17 January to attack offshore oil facilities within days, raising fears of a repeat of a 2016 wave of violence that helped push Africa’s biggest economy into recession. Is Crude Oil Killing Children in Nigeria? A recent report by a group of scientists at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland found that children born within 10 km of an oil spill were twice as likely to die in their first month.