JPT New Geosteering Work Flow Integrates Real-Time Measurements With Geomodels 

This paper presents a consistent, systematic, and transparent work flow for geosteering. The starting point is a priori information, for example a probabilistic geomodel representing a geological interpretation based on surface seismic and logs from offset wells, including relevant interpretation uncertainties. Multiple geomodel realizations of the possible geological scenarios span the space of interpretation uncertainties. The real-time measurements obtained while drilling are continually integrated by updating the realizations automatically using an ensemble-based filtering method. The real-time update of the realizations leads to a reduction in interpretation uncertainty, providing up-to-date predictions of the geology ahead of the bit consistently.