Electrical-submersible-pump (ESP) technology is a proven artificial-lift method for shallow, low-pressure reservoirs such as those found in the West Sak viscous oil field in Alaska. This study examines how subsea processing (SSP) can develop into an important enabling technology for future ultradeepwater-field developments and long-distance tiebacks. Unconventional production patterns in the Permian Basin are leading producers to replace electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) with gas lift, which had been little used there. The sharp downturn in the offshore oil business has sparked interest in using subsea pumps to add production. If those conversations turn into orders, it may convert this rarely used option into a commonly used tool for extending the life of offshore fields.