When methane is found in water wells near an unconventional well, fingers point to facturing as the liklely suspect. But a study of wells in the Utica Shale named other sources. Methane monitoring using improved methods is detecting more gas in the atmosphere, increasing the need for better ways to eliminate releases. With the API and a multi-operator group passing separate programs aimed at reducing methane emissions, the discussions on what defines an acceptable level of regulation continues within the industry. Three experts from different sectors discussed the challenge of methane and regulation at the first panel session of the 2017 SPE Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility Conference–North America in New Orleans.