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Sotillo, M.G. (Puertos del Estado (PdE)) | Jordi, A. (Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA)) | Ferrer, M.I. (Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA)) | Conde, J. (Instituto Nacional de meteorología (INM)) | Tintoré, J. (Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA)) | Álvarez-Fanjul, E. (Puertos del Estado (PdE))
The ESEOO Project has as main objective the development and implementation of a Spanish Operational Oceanography System able to be used in emergency situations at sea such as oil spill accidents. Within this project, an important effort is being carried out in order to establish forecast systems, based on numerical modelling, to provide predictions of oceanographic variables, such as currents, which are determinant in the tracking and forecasting of spillage trajectories. To this aim, three different domains, named ESEOAT, ESEOMED and ESEOCAN that cover together completely the Spanish waters have been selected to run different regional applications, based on ocean circulation models. The POLCOMS model is used to run the two Atlantic domains, whereas the DIECAST model is used in the Mediterranean run. The regional ESEOO ocean forecast system provides daily ocean forecasts for a 72h horizon. Examples of both available ESEOO forecast products and model validation performed are shown in this paper. INTRODUCTION The “Prestige” wreck and the ensuing major oil spill crisis highlighted the limitations of the Spanish operational oceanography capability to respond effectively to a crisis of this nature. Despite the efforts of several groups and institutions to forecast the drift and spread of the oil spill during and after the immediate crisis (Montero et al 2003, Daniel et al 2004 and Hackett, 2004), the event illustrated the need to improve the operational oceanography infrastructure in Spain. Particular shortcomings were identified, being the lack of operational systems able to forecast currents and transports the most pressing one. In response, the ESEOO (Establecimiento de un Sistema Español de OceanografÍa Operacional) Project was established and funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science. The main objective of the ESEOO Project was to promote operational oceanography in Spain (Álvarez Fanjul et al., 2007).
In mid-1995, the departments responsible for drilling, completion, and workover operations on behalf of three North Sea subsidiaries of a major multi-national oil company integrated into a single North Sea Drilling Group (NSDG). As part of a global drilling organization, the NSDG now serves the three Business Units in the North Sea area by providing a shared service capability to their respective Exploration and Asset Management teams. One of the fundamental problems facing the new group was how to effectively share knowledge and expertise between team members in several locations. A solution to this problem was essential for the group to achieve its goals of minimizing total life-cycle well costs, increasing efficiency through the integration of existing teams, and continuing to develop as a center of excellence within a global drilling operations network.
World Wide Web (WWW) technology was identified as a cost-effective solution, providing a mechanism for the transfer of engineering technology & learnings, both within the group and throughout the world-wide drilling community. It has proved to be a powerful new medium for the communication of dynamic information such as reports, business objectives, performance measures, policies, and other reference material, as well as a valuable source for technical information which might otherwise have been overlooked in our decision-making processes.
This approach has significantly enhanced our ability to optimize the utilization of existing resources, yielding significant economic benefits to each of the participating customers. A specific example is the role of the WWW in the continuing development and implementation of the Drilling Management System (DMS), an organizational learning tool now being widely introduced to optimize the planning, implementation, and evaluation of wells.
In June 1995 the Drilling department of Amoco Netherlands B.V., the Drilling and Completion department of Amoco Norway Oil Company, and the Well department of Amoco (UK) Exploration Company integrated into a single North sea Drilling Group (NSDG). As part of the drilling organization within Amoco Corporation's Exploration & Production Technology Group (EPTG), the NSDG now serves the three countries in the North Sea area by performing drilling, completion, and workover operations for their respective Exploration and Asset Management teams.
Amoco has employed this "shared services" approach across a wide spectrum of support functions, reducing costs by eliminating duplication of effort in decentralized business groups, and removing organizational boundaries to collective problem solving and collaborative decision making. While not part of the larger internal Shared Services organization, the formation of the NSDG was seen as an ideal opportunity to implement this concept in the EPTG.
Okay, we get it, asset connectivity is the next revolution of humanity, and its impact will arguably match or surpass those of the Industrial Revolution and the Internet. Global leaders of industry are blazing a path to a connected world where tech acronyms are the new norm in job titles and $1B enterprise initiatives, i.e. IoT (Internet of Things), IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things), IoE (Internet of Everything), M2M (Machine to Machine), TOIs (Things of Interest), to name a few, but what does it really mean for you and me? Networking industry leader Cisco estimates that 50B ‘things’ will be connected to the Internet by 2020, up 100% from 2015, and will subsequently grow to 500B after that – that network IP traffic will triple over time. Today, with 200 connectable ‘things’ per person in the world today, 99.4% of physical objects are still unconnected. In a time when we read about breaches across government agencies, big-box retailers, financial institutions, and even security providers themselves, it is sometimes difficult to really see an impact other than exposure, vulnerability, and threat where the only clear value becomes an insurance policy with upgraded systems and firewalls for the masses. However, what can confidently be stated and will be discussed in this writing is that when working closely with marine power system end users, clear and quantifiable benefits can be had for Internet-connected power assets and intelligent power systems in critical high horsepower marine applications.
This paper will examine the current methods used for the surface preparation and painting of a ship hull and contrast it with the advantages of automation through the use of computer-controlled robotic equipment. The evolution of marine coatings, equipment, and techniques will be discussed. Through the use of automation in the ship coating application process, shipyard productivity can be advanced. Material and labor costs can be reduced, worker safety is improved, impact to the environment over current methods can be minimized, and quality results become repeatable and predictable.
Copyright 2014, IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2014 IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition held in Fort Worth, Texas, USA, 4-6 March 2014. This paper was selected for presentation by an IADC/SPE program committee following review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(s). Contents of the paper have not been reviewed by the International Association of Drilling Contractors or the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material does not necessarily reflect any position of the International Association of Drilling Contractors or the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers, or members. Electronic reproduction, distribution, or storage of any part of this paper without the written consent of the International Association of Drilling Contractors or the Society of Petroleum Engineers is prohibited. Permission to reproduce in print is restricted to an abstract of not more than 300 words; illustrations may not be copied. The abstract must contain conspicuous acknowledgment of IADC/SPE copyright. Abstract This paper describes methods to relate drilling applications and PDC bit designs to a comprehensive set of common responses, or behaviors. The responses are quantifiable, measurable, and relatable to an audience with a wide range of technical expertise. The methods improve bit selection outcomes by focusing on application requirements in light of bit performance capabilities instead of traditional methods focusing on bit features such as cutter size, blade count, and gage length. The common drill bit responses described in this paper are aggressiveness, cleaning efficiency, lateral stability, torsional stability, side cutting aggressiveness, bit durability, cutter abrasion resistance, cutter impact resistance, and cutter thermal stability.