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Emerging inspection technologies, tools and platforms such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), robotic crawlers, and wearable/handheld devices are creating actionable data to help enable more informed decision making and improve process efficiency during survey and inspection related activities. This paper will discuss ABS’ initiatives to further understand and help define the use of and the integration of these tools and technologies to support the evolution of the maritime industry's transition to digitalization.
ABS, in conjunction with technology equipment manufacturers and service providers, has been conducting feasibility trials to evaluate the pragmatic application and implementation of these technologies to support Class surveys. These trials have focused on areas such as the detection of coating breakdowns using high-definition optics to aid in close-up visual inspections (CVI) and leveraging mobile platforms (wearable and handheld devices) in conjunction with a collaborative software platform to execute survey activities virtually in real-time (connected) or near real-time (disconnected), capturing data as required by Class Rules.
In support of these trials, ABS is actively involved in a joint development project (JDP) with academia focusing on the realization of image recognition (artificial Intelligence [AI]) into the survey decision-making process. As part of this JDP, an AI software was developed incorporating thousands of damaged structural coating images. These images were used for the training, testing and evaluation of the software's image recognition capabilities.
This paper discusses the results of the feasibility trials and the next steps in the digital evolution for Classification Society activities. Potential applications include but are not limited to: condition-based/remote surveys, evaluation of maintenance programs, development of 3D models with 3D scanning/image data capture, documentation auditing, and corrosion mapping of steel plates.
Exploration and production activities continue to expand to more remote regions. A health inspection guideline defining preventive control measures for occupational and public health concerns at remote sites was developed. The program was introduced in the company's drilling organization for selected operations in Africa and Asia. This paper describes the primary health risks facing multi-national petroleum companies in remote regions. Results and findings from the trial use of the inspection guidelines are presented. Additionally, the authors provide recommendations on how a preventive health inspection program can be integrated into existing systems for managing safety and health to insure that health issues are consistently addressed from project planning through operations.
The fully remote inspection was conducted with an ROV to increase worker safety and security and reduce environmental exposure on an offshore platform. The inspection projects to assess water ingress will be done via remotely operated vehicle. The data-driven maintenance program incorporates riser condition, usage, and fatigue analysis with a risk-based inspection process. As companies look to reduce the time it takes to inspect a subsea pipeline, as well as the costs involved in the operation, autonomous systems have become a more desirable option. How close are they to becoming the norm?
Baker Hughes has launched its engageSubsea Remote, an equipment inspection tool and technical support and operational management platform. The company says the new platform, which is an extension of its engageSubsea platform and part of its Subsea Connect suite of technologies, provides real-time information on equipment status and location. Operators are under increasing pressure to cut costs and reduce rig time and downtime while improving efficiency and ensuring the continued safety of their operations. COVID-19 has magnified this pressure significantly by tightening budgets further while limiting travel and site visits during lockdown. Baker Hughes says it developed engageSubsea Remote in response to these challenges.