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Tony Hayward earned a PhD degree in geology from the U. of Edinburgh before starting his career with BP in 1982. Following a series of technical and commercial roles in BP Exploration in the U.K., France, and China, he moved to Colombia as Exploration Manager, and, in September 1995, he became President of BP Venezuela. In August 1997, he returned to London as Director of BP Exploration. Hayward became Group Vice President of BP Amoco Exploration and Production as well as a member of the group's Upstream Executive Committee in 1999. He was appointed Group Treasurer in 2000. He became Chief Executive, Exploration and Production, in January 2003.
Guilherme de Oliveira Estrella came out of retirement on 31 January 2003 to take his current position as Managing Director for E&P at Petrobras, Brazil's largest integrated oil company. Estrella graduated with a BS degree in geology from the U. Federal do Rio de Janeiro in 1964 and joined Petrobras as a wellsite geologist in 1965. Estrella has held several positions in his Petrobras career including General Superintendent of the Research & Development Center (1989-93); Superintendent of Research and Development for Exploration, Drilling, and Production (1985-89); Head of the Exploration Div. (1981-85); Head of the Organic Geochemistry Sector (1981); Head of the Brazilian East Coast Basin Interpretation Sector of the Exploration Dept. Estrella also was Director of the Inst. Brasileiro de Petróleo e Gás (Brazilian Oil and Gas Inst.), of which he has been Chairman of the Board since 2003. What in your early life led you to choose a career We had to sail for 7 hours in a tugboat to get to the rig. I remember we were just getting helicopters, and When I was 18, there were very few geoscience courses, and most they were expensive.
Capello, Maria Angela (Kuwait Oil Company) | Lorente, Maria Antonieta (Ellington Geological Services) | Serrano, Isabel (Independent Consultant) | Flores, Monica (Shell Kuwait) | Briceno, Maria Gabriela (Occidental Petroleum Corporation)
In December 1922, "Los Barrosos 2" gusher inserted Venezuela in the map of giant oil producers, joining an incipient industry that was to rule the world economy, but that still struggles in enabling the full participation of women, which precludes an appealing image of this industry for the female students of careers pertinent to oil and gas. The participation and roles of women in the oil industry experienced an evolution in the last two centuries, worth analyzing, as it provides key clues useful for the shaping of strategies related to diversity and inclusion programs in corporate frames. The applicability is evident for initiatives related to women, as the gender minority in the sector, but also for age, nationality, and different-ability minorities.
This paper analyzes the evolution of specific roles of women in the oil industry and what elements propel their self-empowerment, grounding conclusions on a study case of Venezuelan women working in the oil industry from the 19th to the 20th century, in their home country and as part of the Venezuelan diaspora worldwide.
The characteristics and main settings of the role of women in the oil industry have evolved substantially, and follow societal, legislation, cultural and unwritten rules or customary ways, that change in every region of the world. The Venezuelan case was selected, as the oil industry in their country underwent major changes, following social, political and legislation transformations that affected the sector. Three distinctive periods were established for the analysis:
From the early years until the 70s, the role of women in the Venezuelan oil industry underwent major changes, from office-based and support roles to supervisory positions, in an era heavily driven by the presence of international oil companies in the country. The late 1970s through the early 2000s was an enlightening time, during which professional women in geosciences and engineering in Venezuela expanded the scope and outreach of their jobs, assuming and excelling in operational roles. As the 21st century progressed and the country's politics and economic stability deteriorated, many seasoned and young Venezuelan female geoscientists and engineers migrated abroad in search of new challenges and professional horizons. Additionally, the opening of societies everywhere inspired many of the new generations to seek jobs in other countries, in search of multicultural experiences. All these factors contributed to expanding the presence of Venezuelan women globally at an accelerated pace. How they adapted to new work settings along with the very different phases inside and outside their country of origin, continuing to succeed as an integral part of a diverse workforce worldwide, is not only remarkable but in many facets, unique.
This paper presents specific observations and analysis about gender parity and roles of women about the leadership and participation women had in their Venezuelan home country and later on, in the global Venezuelan diaspora. We highlight some elements that we consider were key for the self-empowerment of women in Venezuela's oil sector. We expected to find several of these elements, as they are specific to the Venezuelan framework and culture, but others were findings worth sharing.
Most relevant: education level, cultural admiration of the oil sector, societal perspectives on gender, respect for specialized knowledge, a cultural reverence of women who are breadwinners and sole heads of households, the "melting-pot" factor (integration of a varied, large and mixed migration as an integral part of society), Venezuelan legislation, and availability of multiple role models. The analysis of the role of Venezuelan women in academic and work sectors related to the oil industry is included, as applicable in Venezuela, showcasing the particularities in Engineering and Geosciences, in a period that spans more than a century, and that showcases gradual as well as step-changes in the participation of women in the oil and gas sector.
The progress of female Venezuelan professionals working for the oil industry of their own country and abroad shapes a series of best practices for the inclusiveness of women, which we share because we think that how they did it and continue to do it, is replicable by other minority groups.
Venezuelan women professionals have propelled and enhanced their organizations everywhere with quality and integrity, especially with their determination to conquer the future, high trust in their competencies, and a no-barriers attitude to overcome challenges.
The Way Ahead Interview invites senior figures who shape our E&P industry to share their wisdom, experience, and deep knowledge with the young E&P professional community. Each interview is an open conversation that explores the careers, advice, and vision of these successful individuals. It is hoped that these interviews will help young E&P professionals learn how to nurture their own personal skills, understand the nature and challenges of our industry, and grasp the technologies, developments, and issues that are key to creating our industry's future. For this interview, we visit Rio de Janeiro. Before the interview, I stood atop Corcovado mountain beside the 40-m statue of "Cristo Redentor" (Christ the Redeemer). Since its inception in 1921, the monument has become the symbol of Rio de Janeiro and the Brazilian people, receiving visitors with open arms. Petrobras is another symbol of Brazil's warm and friendly people.
For the understanding of the reason why they are doing anything. If you wrong person, it would be miserable because you would get found are going to go anywhere in management, rather than being purely out very fast. We have a different type of attitude here, a "get after technical, you need to have a commercial awareness of the technical it" mentality.