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The pdf file of this paper is in Russian.
Since the disastrous events of Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 in 1972, KLM 408/Pan AM 736 in 1977 and British Midlands 92 in 1989, the aviation community have worked together to develop, deploy and mandate crew resource management (CRM) training for aircrews with recognisable benefits being shown in terms of operational safety, crew performance and cost savings. Unfortunately, it took a number of major incidents in the Oil and Gas sector (Piper Alpha in 1988, Montara in 2009 and Macondo in 2010) to raise the priority of human factors and crew resource management training despite papers being written to this effect. From 2012 onwards, the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP) published three reports in the form of Reports 460, 501 and 502. At this point, there was clarity of what Well Operations CRM (WOCRM) should consist of and how it should be deployed.
This report covers the delivery of WOCRM training and individual coaching to the supervisors from one prime operator who had contracted four drilling rigs operating under three drilling companies in a Middle East location. Over an 8-month period, 121 supervisors from a multitude of nationalities, cultures and experiences were trained and coached on the skills required for effective WOCRM. The training used Report 502 as the basis for the course content but went futher and one-to-one coaching was also provided on the rigs to consolidate classroom learning.
This paper will identify the challenges faced in deploying such training, given that much of the research into WOCRM has been carried out in single cultural environments e.g. the North Sea or the USA, and other research has shown that difference in culture can have an impact on the effectiveness of ‘simple’ Crew Resource Management (CRM) training.
There were demonstrated rewards and benefits with performance and efficiencies being improved. 1100 hours of training and coaching was delivered to more than 26 nationalities across the full spectrum of roles ranging from drilling supervisor and OIM to the assistant crane operators & assistant drillers offshore, and where the majority of crews were non-native English speakers. However, as has been recognised in other domains, measuring these improvements is a considerable challenge and should not be underestimated despite the non-tangible gains observed in other domains.
Finally, the paper will show that the development of WOCRM skills cannot be done via a ‘sheep dip’ approach. Furthmore, nationalistic cultures need to be taken into account when developing WOCRM training interventions; they need to be tailored to individual crew-members and specific teams. Finally, it should be noted that training alone is extremely unlikely to deliver the expected benefits and as a consequence, strong leadership and long-term commitment is essential, with a need to deliver coaching and continued development at the workplace and not just in the classroom.
The pdf file of this paper is in Russian. To purchase the paper in English, order SPE-166972-MS.
Different issues, opportunities and perspectives of high educational state system development were analyzed on the example of Ukhta State Technical University, connected to macroeconomical proposes of northern and arctical parts development. Several solutions of "Arctical propose?? for Russian high school were considered in the arctical as foundamental conditions for addressing the problems. All the developed solutions were interconnected with global process of educational system modernization, meaning innovation paradigm of development, transit to two-tier system of staff preparation, formation of university complexes, claster policy, unification of universities in industrial concorcium, new aspects of collaboration between universities and industrial companies.
Modernization of the professional education system regarding Russian Arctic strategy based on the example of the Komi Republic.
Strategic interests and proposes of modern state Russian policy in the Arctic regarding state system of professional education are producing two main challenges, which are called space and time .
The great integral problem of the professional education system in the conditions of intense Arctic development is on the one hand, specific conditions (geography, climate, ecology, etc.) and this is the space challenge. From the other side, unstable, transitional state of the system itself, being reformed for a long time according to proposes of modern economy is a problem of current importance as well as the space side. And this coincidence of main part of educational potential and modernization processes in the educational system perfectly might be called time challenge.
Russia faces need of intense development and extraction of oil and gas for if the world energy in a middle-term period does not find alternatives for oil and gas, necessity in providing Russian economy of this resources as well as income from its export will be just increasing. If the alternatives would be founded and if the shale gas forces out traditional one, than, we should hurry with export of disposed deposits, while the prices are stable.
Different estimations of mineral deposits spread not essential. General appraisal comes to representation of the Arctic as a world resource deposit of planet scale. At that Russian part in the deposit is the biggest. For example, Russian Arctic resource main stock were estimated by Yukshin and I.N. Burtsev's research work with collaboration of Komi scientific center of Ural RSA branch: "General cost of mineral resources in the Arctic deposit is more than 30 b.$, and 2/3 of this deposit is energy resources <…>. Arctic region becomes main source of mineral resources, because it focuses the third of the planet mineral resources. Especially great importance of the Arctic showed as energy and raw materials deposit in the region, due to the large concentration of oil, gas, condensate, gas hydrates, coal and oil shale?? .
However, the perspectives of the Russian Arctic oil complex is getting more complicated because of impossibility of transfer the on-land technologies to the offshore and extreme climate conditions. Therefore the relevance of the technological imperative of the adequacy of all new Russian Arctic members appears.