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Fiber-optic technologies—distributed temperature sensing and distributed acoustic sensing—have been experiencing an ever-increasing number of applications in the oil and gas industry as monitoring systems. This paper covers the 7-year history of drilling-fluids application in a reservoir drilling campaign offshore Abu Dhabi, from the early use of a solids-free, brine-/water-based mud to the recent application of nondamaging, nonaqueous fluids (NAFs) with micronized acid-soluble ilmenite. This study focus on the design and evaluation of a customized water-based mud (NP-WBM) using silica oxide nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) and graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GNPs). Recent research has put extensive focus on the magic of graphene in drilling fluids. Graphene, because of its thermal, electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties, improves mudcake stability and minimizes fluid loss that eventually reduces formation damage.
The paper used in this book meets the minimum requirements of ANSI/NSIO Z39.48-1992 (R1997). IUPAP (see Principle 1); minimize conflicts with these standards. Any symbol not familiar to the reading public should have its meaning defined. An explanatory definition should then appear in the immediate context. Subscripts and superscripts are widely used for a variety of conventional purposes.
"Valued" (desired, but not necessary), or "Not required" (not necessary or not applicable). "Not Required: The technical knowledge set that Describe the common methods of perforating (shaped charge or "jet", Describe utilize the "skin factor" concept derived from steady-state flow to represent Estimate saturation using Archie's laws in clean formations Able to forecast future production rates vs. time using decline curve methods