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In the complete paper, the authors derive a novel analytical solution to model the temperature signal associated with the shut-in during flowback and production periods. The room for error and cost overruns just got a lot smaller with the escalating need to make operations more efficient and leaner with fewer resources and investors continuing to prioritize ESG alongside profitability. Permian Basin operators and service companies met to discuss completions diagnostics, flowback strategies, water management, and artificial lift strategies. This paper evaluates the ability of different groups of surfactants to improve oil recovery in unconventional liquid reservoirs (ULRs) by experimentally simulating the fracture treatment to represent surfactant imbibition in a ULR core fracture during a soaking flowback.
JPT Technology Minute Poll: To Which of the Top Five UN Sustainability Development Goals Do You Think the Oil and Gas Industry Will Contribute the Most? The papers identified in the article cover sustainable development of oil and gas resources in various aspects. Flaring and emissions challenges have recently made news headlines around the world. The goal of this article is to engage you with this important topic by presenting a selection of recent SPE papers which address these challenges through various approaches. Operators face a dilemma in balancing the need for mud weight (MW) to remain below the fracture gradient to avoid losses, while also providing sufficient density to block influxes into the well. JPT Technology Minute Poll: Which Technology Would You Choose for Offshore Compression?
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Eni, through its affiliate Nigerian Agip Oil Co. (NAOC), discovered natural gas and condensate in the Obiafu and Obrikom fields, in OML61, onshore Niger Delta. The Obiafu-41 Deep well reached 4374 m TD and encountered more than 130 m of high-quality, hydrocarbon-bearing sands. The find amounts to approximately 1 tcf of gas and 60 million bbl of associated condensate. The BP-operated Yakaar-2 appraisal well off Senegal encountered 30 m of net gas pay and proved the southern extension of the Yakkar field. BP has a 60% stake in the Cayar Offshore Profond block and the Yakaar-Teranga gas project. Asia Pacific Beijing Haohua Energy Resource discovered natural gas at the Ketan-1 well in Xinjiang's Aksu area, part of the oil-and-gas-rich Tarim basin. The well yielded daily natural gas output of 60,000 cu m in test production, according to China National Petroleum Corp. Cooper Energy discovered gas at the Annie prospect in the VIC/P44 permit in the Otway basin approximately 9 km offshore Victoria.
The complete paper reviews the results of gas hydrate engineering and production testing studies associated with northern Canada and Alaska. Automated image-processing algorithms can improve the quality and speed in classifying the morphology of heterogeneous carbonate rock. Several commercial products have produced petrophysical properties from 2D images and, to a lesser extent, from 3D images. The complete paper provides an approach using machine-learning and sequence-mining algorithms for predicting and classifying the next operation based on textual descriptions. Imagine the time when we are no longer concerned about the digital-transformation issues we face today, such as data availability, security, and many others. This would be the time when companies make the best out of digital infrastructure. This era might be here sooner than expected. The complete paper describes the hurdles that have prevented single-trip installation of upper and lower completions in the complex world of subsea and deepwater applications and examines the processes, technologies, and risk-mitigation steps that took a concept from pilot to successful deployment. Specifically targeting ingrained thinking, the selected papers demonstrate the game-changing results that can be achieved even when targeting long-established norms. They demonstrate everything that our industry should be proud of and what we strive for. With reduced new unconventional well activity, practices such as frac-hit mitigation—pressurization of parent wells during child-well fracture stimulation—have become increasingly important to reduce parent-well proppant cleanouts as well as to maximize production from both parent and child wells. Sand control has evolved over the years; however, the fundamentals of screen sizing have not changed.
Personnel are returning to platforms in the Gulf of Mexico after Hurricane Sally was downgraded to a tropical depression late Wednesday, but the threat of another major hurricane remains as a tropical storm may form in the Gulf of Mexico today. A case study in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico in which pressure transient analysis, fractional flow, and production logging tools were integrated to identify correctly the cause of, and execute an effective remedy for, a well’s productivity deterioration. As part of an effort to evaluate existing riser systems, an operator launched an inspection and testing program to investigate risers retrieved following well abandonment after a service life of nearly 10 years in the Gulf of Mexico. The largest lease sale in the history of the area attracts $139 million in total bids, a $2 million increase over the previous lease sale held last August. Integrated surveillance is critical for understanding reservoir dynamics and improving field management.
It is a myth that blowouts only occur in high-pressure wells. Being able to investigate the blowout and kill potential on every well as part of the well construction process is an opportunity to increase safety awareness among drilling engineers. The industry worldwide has been swayed by the digitization wave. Extreme downhole conditions may lead to rapid degradation of pumped cement. The understanding of degradation of cement under such conditions is imperative to bring about improvements in the cement formulation.
The basic objective of this course is to introduce the overview and concept of production optimisation, using nodal analysis as a tool in production optimisation and enhancement. The participants are exposed to the analysis of various elements that help in production system starting from reservoir to surface processing facilities and their effect on the performance of the total production system. Depth conversion of time interpretations is a basic skill set for interpreters. There is no single methodology that is optimal for all cases. Next, appropriate depth methods will be presented. Depth imaging should be considered an integral component of interpretation. If the results derived from depth imaging are intended to mitigate risk, the interpreter must actively guide the process.
Approved in October, the Flow Measurement Technical Section will help engage the greater SPE technical community in flow-measurement-related issues and technologies. It will cover the full spectrum of flow measurement, including single-phase and multiphase flow. Replicating field conditions for flow assurance experiments at a reasonable cost often presents many challenges, particularly when it comes to designing an experiment with appropriately scaled geometry, an expert said. In trying to reduce the footprint of facilities, operators often select the wrong piping components, hampering the performance. Selection of the right piping can avoid separation issues.
Traditionally, a wellhead system requires a drilling lockdown sleeve (LDS) during drilling operations to ensure that the seal assembly is rigid and prevents dynamic movement. By eliminating the LDS, however, the operator will save multiple trips into the well. The US Chemical Safety Board will investigate the blowout that killed three workers at a Chesapeake Energy well in central Texas. This paper focuses on the preparation for, and implementation of, well-control training, while highlighting the integration of people skills into curricula and what advantages operators and drilling contractors have obtained. Fiber-optic technologies—distributed temperature sensing and distributed acoustic sensing—have been experiencing an ever-increasing number of applications in the oil and gas industry as monitoring systems.
The complete paper describes and quantifies the stress-dependence of compaction and permeability for anisotropic rock matrices, natural fractures, and hydraulic fractures, based on comprehensive rock tests of a fractured tight reservoir. The complete paper presents a strategy for selecting a surfactant/solvent package for parent wells. Oil recovery and associated water saturation in the microfluidic-based device, with or without surfactant, are quantified and reveal that the oil recovery is enhanced with surfactant. The complete paper describes an automated machine-learning approach to determine the spatial variation in decline type curves for shale gas production, based on existing data of production, completion, and geological parameters. Advanced machine-learning methods combined with aspects of game theory are helping operators understand the drivers of water production and improve forecasting and economics in unconventional basins.