Wong, Patrick C. (ExxonMobil Development Co.) | Templeton, Jack (Sage USA) | Purwana, Okky Ahmad (Keppel Offshore & Marine) | Hugo, Hofstede (GustoMSC) | Cassidy, Mark Jason (U. of Western Australia) | Hossain, Muhammad Shazzad (U. of Western Australia) | Martin, Chris (University of Oxford)
This paper presents the new foundation assessment provisions in ISO 19905-1.The paper discusses the improvements to spudcan penetration analysis achievedby the refinement of bearing capacity formulations and by adoption of afundamentally new approach to backflow prediction which accounts for thechanges in soil flow regime and the evolving pattern of soil deformation in thevicinity of the spudcan. It also addresses the upgrades made to the SNAME 5-5Aapproach to foundation capacity and foundation stiffness reduction in sand andclay as well as the means used to better account for the effects of deepspudcan penetrations in clay. The change to, and basis for, the use of grossfoundation capacity in some of the calculations are also discussed. Finally,the paper presents the new foundation acceptance checks framework consequent tothe change from available capacity/reaction concept in SNAME 5-5A to grosscapacity/reaction approach in ISO 19905-1.
At the time of this paper submission, it was expected that ISO 19905-1 would beisssued prior to the presentation of the paper at the 2012 Offshore TechnologyConference. Upon the issue of this standard the new foundation assessmentprovisions described in this paper will be required for jack-up site-specificassessments worldwide.
Introduction and Background
The jack-up geotechnical assessment approach in ISO 19905-1 is the result ofthe concerted effort of Panel 4 under the auspices of ISO TC67/SC7/WG7. Thedevelopment of the latest assessment approach by Panel 4, made up ofexperienced geotechnical practitioners in the industry and well-respectedresearchers in academia, spanned almost two decades. Using SNAME TR5-5ARevision 2 as the starting point, the geotechnical assessment approach wasrevised and upgraded based on findings from industry studies and academicresearch projects in understanding spudcan foundation behavior over theyears.
The prior and existing recommended practices for assessment of jack-upfoundations and their performance under storm loading conditions stemmed fromindustry studies in the 1980s and early 1990s. Those recommendations weresubstantially conservative by intention, and they were limited by the researchof the time. As a result they were reliable but, in many cases, overlyrestrictive for jack-up location approvals. Not only are the new foundationassessment requirements of ISO 19905-1 better grounded in current research,they are less restrictive and more realistic while remaining reliablyconservative. This paper provides an overview of five main geotechnical areasin the geotechnical assessment approach, namely:
• Site investigation requirements
• Spudcan penetration and foundation bearing capacity
• Spudcan foundation response under combined load during storm
• Special spudcan foundation considerations (fatigue, earthquake)
• Spudcan foundation acceptance criteria