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Centeno, Manuel (Schlumberger) | Krikor, Ara (Schlumberger) | Herrera, Delimar Cristobal (Schlumberger) | Sanderson, Martin (Schlumberger) | Carasco, Anant (Schlumberger) | Dundin, Alexander (Schlumberger) | Salaheldin, Ahmed (Schlumberger) | Jokhi, Ayomarz (Schlumberger) | Ibrahim, Sameh (Schlumberger) | Wehaidah, Talal (Kuwait Oil Company)
The complexity of drilling highly deviated wells in Kuwait drives the need for step changing in the well construction mindset, where severe to complete loss of circulation in Shuaiba formation significantly deteriorate the shale layers in Wara and Burgan formations leading to uncontrolled wellbore stability events. Casing while drilling (CWD) and two-stage cementing with a light density cement slurry were introduced as a technology system to drill the highly deviated complex wells through unstable and highly fractured formations. Fit for purpose engineering processes, advanced software solutions, a tailored bit and a bottom hole assembly dynamically simulated for drilling stability and directional tendency behavior were designed. A special light density cement slurry with high compressive strength was also designed to tackle the lost circulation issues when cementing the casing string. The paper will describe how the technologies can work as one system to solve complicated wellbore problems and address the problematic challenges of drilling unstable shales and fractured formations in the same section of the wellbore. This strategy enabled a significant time saving compared to drilling the section conventionally, removing Non-Productive Time (NPT) resulting from additional trips, cement plugs, stuck pipe, and subsequent sidetracks.
Tirado Vargas, Guillermo R. (Pemex E&P) | Lupo, Corrado Pier Maria (Schlumberger) | Beltran, Juan Carlos (Schlumberger) | Duno, Hermogenes (Schlumberger) | Iturrios, Carlos (Schlumberger) | Gallo Zapata, Jose Fernando (Schlumberger) | Hernandez Franco, Toribio (Schlumberger) | Centeno, Manuel
This document presents the successful application of pro-active Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) to drill one section through three different sands; the one in the middle with a low fracture pressure, the lower sand with a formation pressure higher than the frac gradient of the weak formation. The wrong decision to apply MPD in a reactive way leads to NPT, influxes, mud losses and increased risks.
It is shown how the conventional procedures to drill and make the trips are replaced by tailored MPD procedures leading to successful results. The Client understands the high value of proactive MPD, not only to drill but also to during trips. The drilling commenced with a MW of 1.6 g/cc and after 100 m the MW was increased to 1.62 g/cc (it is a routine procedure in the field to increase the mud density prior to reaching the expected high pressure zones while drilling conventionally). Some meters after start drilling the low frac gradient sand total mud losses were observed. The MW was reduced from 1.62 to 1.52 g/cc and MPD was implemented in a proactive manner whereby the BHP was maintained constant. The big challenge was to control the well at all times avoiding a catastrophic condition.