Hou, Zhaowei (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Dou, Xumou (Daqing Research Institute) | Jin, Rui (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Wang, Rui (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Wang, Yanling (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Li, Wei (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Le, Jianjun (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.)
To seek an effective oil recovery approach, Brevibacillus brevis and Bacillus cereus were screened and applied in a Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) process to recover oil from Daqing low permeability oilfield where have many disadvantageous conditions. Microbial huff and puff trials have been conducted in 93 wells with accumulative incremental oil amounting to 100878 barrels and average of 1081.9 barrels for one individual well. The effective ratio was 74.2%. Microbial flooding field test with 2 injectors and 10 producers was carried out.7 out of 10 wells showed effective results, with 105995 barrels of accumulative incremental oil. In October 2009, expanding field test with 9 injectors and 24 producers was carried out in this block. Now 15 wells have shown good effect with oil production increased by 41.6%. The analysis showed that wells with good injection-production relationship, differences of layers and well deliverability are main effects to the results of microbial huff and puff. The microbial flooding results showed that wells along the main channel sand and developed fracture zones had a better response.
Hou, Zhaowei (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Han, Peihui (PetroChina Co. Ltd.) | Le, Jianjun (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Chang, Jianfei (Daqing Research Institute) | Dou, Xumou (Daqing Research Institute) | Guo, Menghua (Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.) | Chen, Xinghong
To seek an effective oil recovery approach, Brevibacillus brevis and Bacillus cereus were screened and applied in a Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) process to recover oil from Daqing low permeability areas. The selected bacteria were found to be highly compatible with indigenous microbes; the laboratory data shows: (1) The oil-water interfacial tensions (IFT) after microbial treatment decreased by 50%; (2) The alkanes with middle and high carbon numbers could be degraded; (3) The viscosity of treated crude oil decreased by about 40%; (4) The content of paraffin and resin decreased from 1.3% to 4.9%,and from 0.7% to 2.6%, respectively, thus improving significantly the rheology of the crude oil; and (5) The oil recovery from laboratory coreflooding achieved about 6.5% original oil in place (OOIP) over that achieved by waterflooding.
From 2002 to 2005, microbial huff ‘n' puff trials have been conducted in 70 wells altogether in the Daqing Chaoyanggou (0.5×10-3µm2-25×10-3µm2) and Pubei areas (103×10-3µm2). Effectiveness was observed in 43 out of 60 Chaoyanggou wells, with accumulative incremental oil amounting to 9175.7 tons. Eight out of 10 Pubei wells showed effective results as well, with 1873 tons of accumulative incremental oil . The total incremental oil from the two areas amounted to 11,000 tons, with an average of about 158 tons for one individual well.
Based on the success of microbial huff ‘n' puff trials, a microbial flooding pilot test with two injectors and 10 producers was carried out in the Chaoyanggou low permeability area (25×10-3µm2) in June 2004. The bacteria injection was followed by a pressure decrease in two injectors and an increase in the fluid injection. The daily produced fluid and oil increased from 43.6 tons to a high of 79.6 tons and from 24.7 to 40.8 tons, respectively. Water cut decreased from 45.2% to 38.6%. By the end of Dec, 2007, 7 out of 10 wells showed significant oil production response. The incremental oil is about 13,000 tons. The analysis made to the effective and non-effective wells demonstrates that MEOR plays an important role in establishing an effective driving system.