Grombacher, Denys (Stanford University) | Knight, Rosemary (Stanford University) | Parsekian, Andrew (University of Wyoming) | Flinchum, Brady (University of Wyoming) | Munday, Timothy (CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering) | Davis, Aaron (CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering) | Cahill, Kevin (CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering) | Hatch, Michael (University of Adelaide)
Summary Communities in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands of South Australia live in a remote and extrememly arid environment. To ensure continued access to sustainable groundwater resources, which these communities rely upon, we will conduct a geophysical survey consisting of complementary surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Time-Domain Electromagnetic (TEM) measurements to map local aquifers, quantify groundwater resources, and locate optimal sites for potential future wells. By pairing surface NMR and TEM measurements we take advantage of the unique ability of the NMR measurement to give unambiguous water detection, while exploiting the fast TEM measurements to map aquifer geometry over a large region entirely non-invasively. The project, funded through the Geoscientists without Borders Program of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists, aims to use geophysical tools to help address a critical water security problem facing several remote and underprivileged communities. Introduction The remote communities of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, located in the northern desert lands of South Australia rely on groundwater resources for access to potable water.
The volumetric water content (θ) of peat soils below the water table is largely controlled by the production of biogenic methane-rich gas bubbles that are subsequently released to the atmosphere, thereby having significant implications for carbon cycling. Geophysical methods have recently shown promise for improving studies of gas storage and release in peatlands. We investigated the relationship between dielectric permittivity and volumetric water content in organic peat soil using ground-penetrating radar. We developed a novel approach for controlling water content using a pressurized test chamber to reduce the volume of bubbles under high pressure as described by the ideal gas law. This method simulates the bubble-rich natural conditions much more closely than previous studies that utilized drying to vary water content. Our results cover a range of highly saturated peat that is commonly observed in poorly decomposed near-surface peat and we demonstrated that a linear model can be used to estimate water content in peat for a range of water contents (i.e. θ>90%). The data collected from samples taken from different peatlands suggests that it is possible to use our resulting model to convert dielectric permittivity extracted from ground-penetrating radar data into free-phase gas concentration via the water content.