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Zamanuri, Kautsar (PETRONAS) | Yip, Pui Mun (PETRONAS) | Radzuan, Nurul Asyikin M. (PETRONAS) | Salleh, Nurfarah Izwana (PETRONAS) | Ghonim, Elsayed Ouda (PETRONAS) | Alexander, Euan (Ex-PETRONAS) | Bakhtuly, Daniyar (NOVOMET)
Most Malaysian oil production is heavily reliant on gas lift. Aging assets experience declining lifting efficiencies due to depleting reservoir pressure and increase in water cut. This impact PETRONAS' capability to deliver national hydrocarbon production targets. New developments and further improvements to gas lift facilities are likely to erode the economic value of assets without even considering the potential time impact due to the complexity in delivering gas compression upgrades or gas import projects. PETRONAS' primary goal within Malaysia is to sustain production and maximize the remaining recoverable reserves. To realize this target it is widely acknowledged that the company must think differently. Alternatives to gas lift have been considered for rejuvenation of brownfield assets and development of marginal assets using a ‘fit for purpose' approach resulting in some relatively low Capital Expenditure (CAPEX)/Operating Expenditure (OPEX) solutions. One such method identified was Through Tubing Electrical Submersible Pumps - Cable Deployed (TTESP-CD). TTESP-CD technology is a game changer that can challenge the boundaries of traditional engineering with a truly rig-less deployment of an ESP system with full compliance to API/ISO requirements and demonstrating up to 70% cost savings over conventional offshore ESP installation methods. The TTESP-CD innovation helps in improving the asset value through gas prioritization, gas lift reallocation, flaring reduction and increase in lifting efficiency. TTESP-CD is also in line with the company digitalization concept due to the baseline data available from surface and downhole equipment.
This technology has been declared a success through pilot deployment in an offshore field within the Sarawak Basin with an incremental gain of 250BOPD, 0.3MMSTB in reserves acceleration and 22 months run life as of Feb 2019. This has been a key step for building confidence in the wider application of the technology. Lessons learnt and best practices from the pilot implementation have been applied to ongoing and future projects and serve as a good foundation for further development of the technology. To date, approximately 20 candidates for the TTESP-CD application have been identified for replication in Malaysia within the next 2 years across 3 regions. There are various challenges faced when implementing this technology on aging offshore assets that was never designed for ESPs which include; space availability for deployment equipment and surface electrical equipment, power availability and distribution, instrumentation, data transmission, structural integrity and operational mind set. PETRONAS sees a bright future for TTESP-CD application and technology which includes layer to layer matrix dump flood, interim production and well unloading/DST well unloading.
Gupta, Anish (PETRONAS) | Narayanan, Puveneshwari (PETRONAS) | Trjangganung, Kukuh (PETRONAS) | Mohd Jeffry, Suzanna Juyanty (PETRONAS) | Tan, Boon Choon (PETRONAS) | Awang, M Rais Saufuan (PETRONAS) | Badawy, Khaled (PETRONAS) | Yip, Pui Mun (PETRONAS)
A matrix stimulation candidate screening workflow was developed with the objective to reduce the time and effort in identifying under-performing wells. The workflow was initially tested manually for few fields followed by inclusion in Integrated Operation for an automated screening of wells with suspected formation damage. Analysis done in three fields for stimulation candidate selection will be displayed with actual statistics.
The main aim of the work was to digitalize the selection of non-performing candidates rather than manually looking into performance of each well. A concept of Formation Damage Indicator (FDI) was combined with Heterogeneity Index (HI) of the formations to screen out the candidates. Separate database sets of Reservoir engineering, Petrophysicist and Production was integrated with suitable programming algorithms to come up with first set of screened wells evaluating well production performances, FDI and HI trends up to over the last 30 years. The shortlisted candidates were further screened on the basis of practical approach such as gas lift optimization, production trending, OWC-GOC contacts, well integrity and well history to come up with second round of screened candidates. The final candidates were analyzed further using nodal analysis models for skin evaluation and expected gain to come up with type of formation damage and expected remedial solution.
For fields A and D with a total of 210 strings each, the initial FDI and HI screening resulted in 70 and 120 strings being shortlisted, respectively. This was followed by a second round of screening with 25 and 35 strings being further shortlisted as stimulation candidates, respectively. Nodal analysis models indicated presence of high skin in 90% of the selected wells indicating a very good efficiency and function-test of the workflow. In addition to selection of the candidates, the identification of formation damage type was compiled on an asset-wise basis rather than field basis which helped in more efficient planning of remedial treatments using a multiple well campaign approach to optimize huge amount of cost. The entire screening process was done in one month which was earlier a herculean task of almost one year and much more man-hours. With effective manual testing of the workflow in two major fields, workflow was included in Integrated Operations for future automation to conduct the same task in minutes rather than months.
With this digitalized unique workflow, the selection of under-performing wells due to formation damage is now a one click exercise and a dynamic data. This workflow can be easily operated by any engineer to increase their operational efficiency for flow assurance issues saving tons of cost and time.
Radzuan, Nurul Asyikin M. (PETRONAS) | Salleh, Nurfarah Izwana (PETRONAS) | Chandrakant, Ashvin Avalani (PETRONAS) | Rusman, Liyana (PETRONAS) | Zamanuri, Kautsar (PETRONAS) | Bakar, Azfar Israa Abu (PETRONAS) | Yip, Pui Mun (PETRONAS) | Jamaluddin, M. Helmi (PETRONAS) | Ghonim, Elsayed Ouda (PETRONAS) | Nambiar, Vijay (Novomet) | Alexander, Euan (Artificial Lift Solutions)
Following the first pilot success of the truly rigless 3-1/2" tubing cable deployed ESP (TTESP-CD in offshore field of Sarawak Basin, PETRONAS has taken steps to further advance in the technology development and application through more replications within Sarawak and Malay Basin. PETRONAS had been looking into a strong business case for the TTESP-CD technology for a wider application throughout Malaysia region by looking at fields with strong/moderate water drive and low bubble point pressure besides having other limitations on the platform including the facilities reliability issues. TTESP-CD are to be applied widely in Malaysia with more flexibilities in design and improvement towards the subsurface equipment, installation equipment and procedures. With the challenges in the existing completion and production requirement for replications, based on the lesson learnt from the pilot implementation, multiple improvements to the system have been done including; 1) A High Rate Slim Pump with Flexible Application 2) Alignment Tool for Cable Hanger Orientation. With this in place, more opportunities identified for the candidate selection which improve the installation philosophy specifically in dual string applications and enhance the efficiency in installation procedures. Case studies of TTESP-CD replications in Malay & Sarawak Basin for Field T, Field B and Field P presenting the best case for TTESP-CD application with improvement to design, equipment and application. These will bring additional value to PETRONAS with estimated production gain of 1.5 KBD and up to 1.2 MMSTB reserves to be monetized with additional value saving of up to RM 6 Mill. Besides the subsurface challenges, aging offshore assets brings a lot of challenges, especially on the space availability, structural integrity, power availability and distribution, instrumentation and data transmission. This requires an integrated approach from multiple disciplines in delivering the studies as per required within the targeted timeframe.