The application of the Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR) to an offshore oilfield in Vietnam has been investigated through an international joint study between Japan and Vietnam since 2007. In order to reduce and mitigate uncertainties and risks for future field scale application, a CO2-EOR pilot test was conducted in the Rang Dong field, offshore Vietnam in 2011.
The pilot test was conducted as a single-well "Huff-n-Puff?? operation which was designed to minimize the test duration, required CO2 volume to observe the meaningful CO2-EOR effects and to reduce the risk of corrosion to the existing facility. Over 100 tons of CO2 were successfully injected into the Lower Miocene sandstone reservoir and the well was flowed back after two days of soaking time. Various parameters were monitored including production rate, bottom-hole pressure and production fluid properties. To investigate the CO2-EOR effects and for the purpose of monitoring the reservoir fluid saturation change, cased hole pulsed neutron saturation logging was carried out during every stage of the test. These logging operations and their timing were carefully designed to avoid any possibility of fluid contamination and to minimize operation time.
Through the analysis of the acquired logs, vertical contrast of preferential CO2 injection, zonal oil saturation change, oil saturation change with time within single run, etc., were clearly identified. These observations played important roles in evaluating the CO2-EOR effect in detail by comparing them with the reservoir simulation prediction.
In this paper the detailed design for the reservoir fluid saturation monitoring, observed results and three-phase fluid saturation changes wtih time are discussed.
This paper focuses on the design, the operation and the laboratory work needed for performing a successfull Single Well Tracer Test (SWTT) campaign in the Handil mature field Indonesia. Three tests have been performed in different waterflooded reservoirs to assess the repartition of Remaining Oil Saturation (ROS) in the field.
An extensive laboratory work has been performed prior to tests to screen chemicals that could be used and then to measure the two main parameters needed for the design of the tests: the partitioning coefficient of the primary tracer between water and oil (Kd) and the hydrolysis reaction rate (kH) of the primary tracer into the water. Measurements were performed at reservoir temperature and pressure conditions using recombined live oil sample and recombined brine with respect to the salinity of each reservoir. Results indicate very low discrepancy of Kd value between reservoirs (4 to 5), while kH show a strong linear dependency with salinity (from 0.12 to 0.45 day-1). To take into account the presence of trapped gas saturation, we measured also the partitioning coefficient of AcOET between the water and the gas phase at reservoir pressure and temperature. As expected the Kd water/gas was low compare to the water/oil with a value of 0.5.
Tests were performed in parallel after the installation and the calibration of laboratory equipments and the commissionning of the injection barge. The tracer profiles quality recorded from the three tests was very good with high tracer recovery and low scattering data. However the interpretation was challenging, and numerical simulation was necessary to handle non ideal phenomenan occurring during these tests and to get reliable ROS estimation. The ROS values range between 20-30% which allows moving forward in the identification of potential EOR reservoir candidates and locations of future pilot zones for the more promising EOR processes.