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The paper considers the technologies of the perspective marine industrial complex of aquaculture with energy supply from renewable sources. Technological schemes of structures and devices of the onshore plant for the cultivation of hydrobionts, a marine underwater farm and a supply vessel for working with marine plantations are presented. A universal autonomous mobile wave device is presented as a variant of using the energy of waves of the open ocean.
Currently, self-contained, civilian, volatile devices for navigational equipment of the seas, research submarine and surface autonomous devices, mainly receive power from batteries. The number of these facilities is more than one million and the priority task is to prevent adverse ecological consequences of energy supply for the world ocean, regardless of costs. For these purposes, separate developments are used for solar energy, wind energy, waves, currents, temperature differences and salinity of sea water. The optimal result will be the transfer of production and processing ships to hydrogen technologies. A more complex factor threatening the Earth's ecology is due to the rapid growth of industrial coastal marine aquaculture enterprises.
PERSPECTIVE COMPLEX OF MARICULTURE
A comprehensive program for the development of marine aquaculture technologies is required, taking into account the need for clean energy and the future creation of marine underwater plantations, while preserving the coastal environment and local aquatic organisms.Modular plant for breeding hydrobionts
The future network complex developed by Loshchenkov, Knyazhev (2014) for the coasts of the Far East of Russia can serve as a contribution to the development of the Program. The complex contains a coastal enterprise for the cultivation of hydrobionts, bottom plantations in the natural environment and underwater plantations in the water column in the shelf zone.
Coastal breeding plant, due to placement in remote, inaccessible ecologically clean areas of the coast, with valuable local species, is semi-automatic, in a modular design. The plant is located, after studying local geological, meteorological, hydrological and hydrobiological parameters in the places of maximum energy flows, Pool modules and energy modules are manufactured depending on the type of hydrobiont and local natural renewable energy sources. The scheme of the plant for the cultivation of hydrobionts on island of Popov of the Peter the Great Gulf developed for the mariculture enterprise is shown in Fig. 1.