Gonzalez, Yosmar J. (Schlumberger) | Azuaje, Andrick Jose (Petrobras Energia de Venezuela) | Duarte, Teodoro (Perenco) | Sapon, Ronaldo (Perenco) | Madariaga, Milena Nidia (Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.) | Rubio, Erismar Adorhi (Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.) | Montoya, Cesar (Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.) | Martinez, Maryvi Yabet (Petroleos de Venezuela S.A) | Castillo Saluzzo, Gypsy Liliana (Schlumberger) | O'Shaughnessy, P. (Schlumberger) | Perez Padron, Miguel Angel (Schlumberger) | Berbin, Alexander (Schlumberger)
Conventional slick-line temperature surveys enable successive temperature measurements at pre-determined depth stations along the well-bore. This method has two major drawbacks. The wellbore fluid flow dynamics impact the temperature accuracy while the uncertainty in depth leads to erroneous conclusions on spatial temperature distribution along the wellbore. Remedial actions based on these temperature measurements do not always help optimize productivity or injectivity. To overcome these measurement uncertainties and correctly evaluate the gas-lift system performance for the oil producer wells or to identify temperatures anomalies, such as flow behind casing for water injection wells, continuous temperature measurements with time and depth are needed.
The slick-line fiber optics distributed temperature sensors technology presented in this paper measure simultaneous temperature traces along the well-bore with time. This is widely used in oil wells located at Maracaibo Lake, where approximately 95% of the wells are produced using gas-lift and also applied in La Concepcion water injection wells for wellbore integrity. There are technical papers on fiber- optic technology applications as a qualitative monitoring tool but very few case histories where slick-line is used as the method of fiber deployment.
This paper will describe eight success histories where fiber-optic sensors have been deployed using slick-line. These case studies are grouped as follows: Gas-Lift System Evaluation in which four wells were subject to analysis: Completion leakages detection in producers and injectors; Identification of water entry as well as channeling of water behind casing.
This paper will also demonstrate the application of this technology to implement production enhancement techniques. The use of this technology for operational flexibility, time saving and data quality will be compared to conventional temperature logging. In addition, it will show how environmental risks are eliminated by deploying fiber on slick-line for leak detection services.