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Lu, Chang (University of Alberta (Now with China University of Petroleum (East China))) | Jin, Zhehui (University of Alberta) | Li, Huazhou (University of Alberta) | Xu, Lingfei (University of Alberta (Corresponding author)
Summary Two-phase and three-phase equilibria are frequently encountered in a variety of industrial processes, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for enhanced oil recovery in oil reservoirs, multiphase separation in surface separators, and multiphase flow in wellbores and pipelines. Simulation and engineering design of these processes using isothermal/isochoric (VT) multiphase equilibrium algorithms are sometimes more convenient than that using the conventional isothermal/isobaric (PT) algorithms. This work develops a robust algorithm for VT multiphase equilibrium calculations using a nested approach. The proposed algorithm is simple because a robust PT multiphase equilibrium algorithm is used in the inner loop without any further modifications, while an effective equation-solving method (i.e., Brent’s method; Brent 1971) is applied in the outer loop to solve the pressure corresponding to a given volume/temperature specification. The robustness of the VT algorithm is safeguarded by using a highly efficient trust-region-method-based PT algorithm. We demonstrate the good performance of the newly developed algorithm by applying it to calculate the isochores of fluid mixtures that exhibit both two-phase and three-phaseequilibria.