Drilling hazards can lead to significant cost overruns during the drilling phase and might cause unsafe situations or potentially harm the environment. Often the local geology, when poorly understood, is the trigger of a drilling incident. By sharing past drilling experience and in particular observations on Geo-Drilling Hazards, via a suitable platform, well planning and risk assessment can be carried out more effectively. After analysing historic drilling reports, observations on drilling incidents have been compiled using a structured approach. Classification schemes allow systematic capture of key information in a format suitable for a database. In this process the observations (
The Geo-Drilling Events (GDE) database currently covers some 1000 boreholes from the Netherlands. Around 1400 geo-drilling events have been analysed systematically allowing to identify drilling hazard hotspots in a statistically meaningful sense. Examples of geo-drilling events include
Planned well trajectories can now be screened efficiently for geo-drilling hazards. The GDE Tool based on advanced classification criteria allows to share relevant well information across all operators active in the Netherlands. This includes newcomers, like geothermal operators who carry out a lot of drilling nowadays. The GDE Tool allows everyone to learn from the experience on drilling hazards gathered over the years by oil companies.
The Netherlands YEPP made a field trip to Total E&P Nederland's Zuidwal gas platform in the Waddenzee (a tidal area in the north of The Netherlands) in February 2004. Participants were given a tour of Total's gas treatment center in Harlingen, including a view of the control room that monitors all of Total's Netherlands operations. It was a pleasant and sunny winter day for most of the boat trip, and our hosts looked after us well. Lijs Groenendaal, SPE section board member and one of our Total hosts, gave a comprehensive talk about Zuidwal's history and development. In 1969, Elf Petroland B.V. was granted an exploration license for the Zuidwal area.
Christian Bos, Senior E&P Reserves and Decision and Risk Expert with TNO-NITG, gave a presentation in December on "Why the E&P Industry Is Waiting for a New Generation of Petroleum Business Engineers" to the Netherlands young professionals group. He said there are conflicts between models that describe the Earth as accurately as possible and models tailored to E&P business decisions. The first category tends to be highly detailed, whereas the latter category generally is more probabilistic, based on integrated data, and contains less detail. The main focus of the presentation addressed determining the best approach to take in building models that support E&P business decisions, and how the bias in decisions that has characterized the industry in the past can be prevented. Looking at stock market returns, it is clear that the E&P industry has underperformed other industries in North America, he said.
In a well-attended April Young E&P Professionals lecture, Regional Account Manager Jeroen van Drunen of Brunel Energy shared his views on E&P statistics. From 1980 to 2000, there was a downturn in the number of people working in the oil industry. Reasons for this downturn include falling oil prices, mergers, and the introduction of new technologies. The current gap in E&P skills is mainly due to the aging population of the industry. The future hiring need is 38% of the current force of E&P professionals, compared to 28% in other disciplines in the petroleum industry.
For the second YEPP event in 2005, Wim Turkenburg, Professor at the Copernicus Inst. of Sustainable Development and Innovation Science, Technology, and Society Div. of Utrecht U., gave a comprehensive lecture on CO2 emission reduction. Thirty-six young (and some more experienced) professionals of the E&P industry in The Hague and surrounding area attended. In 2001, fossil fuels made up almost 80% of our world's energy consumption, and CO2 emissions are related mainly to the consumption of fossil fuels. Because western countries cause 58.6% of global CO2 emissions and the emerging regions in Asia Pacific are rapidly gaining ground, those consumers should take the lead in reducing emissions and their adverse effect on global climate change, he said. Energy conservation and the use of renewables would lead to the largest drop in emissions, but CO2 recovery and storage remains a good number three on the list of methods that should be tried, he said.
In 1997, I started my career as a mining engineer with BHP-Billiton in a copper mine in Chile with a degree from Delft U. After 2 years, I returned to Delft to perform doctoral research. The topic of my research is "Stimulation of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs." In 2002, I joined Wintershall as a petrophysicist, looking at its North Sea assets. This year, I joined Shell E&P to work on its global producing assets.
On 15 February 2006, the Ambassador Lecturer Pilot Program kicked off at Delft U. of Technology, Faculty of Earth Sciences. The event was hosted by Nicolaas Boot, President of the SPE Student Chapter Delft. About 25 graduates and PhD students attended the event. The lecture was presented by three young professionals who gave personal insight on their past and future careers in the E&P industry. Ambassador Lecturer Eric Kreft started his presentation by setting the scene of today's global energy industry and projecting the future work environment and opportunities for new employees.
The Netherlands YEPP chapter and SPE Netherlands Section brought 2005 to a successful close with the workshop "Mentoring in Practice" cochaired by Marc Amory (SPE Netherlands Section Continuing Education Chairperson) and Loris Tealdi (SPE Netherlands YEPP Program Chairperson). The workshop attempted to put into practice what is seen as a strong need today: mentoring. The workshop was split into two main sections in order to explore the theory of mentoring and then put those theories into practice. Speakers included 2005 SPE President Giovanni Paccaloni of Eni E&P, H. Edmundson of Schlumberger, and L. Desmond of Shell from the experienced professional side and, from the young professional side, Tealdi of Agip KCO. The first three speakers pointed out the value of mentoring from a senior perspective.
The SPE Netherlands Section Young Professionals workshop held 10 May was titled "New Ventures in the Maghreb--Renewed Interest in Northwest Africa" and was held in The Hague for an audience of 25 eager young professionals. The purpose was to educate young professionals in certain aspects of a rapidly developing hydrocarbon province and to get them familiar with the challenges accompanying a new venture. The day consisted of two parts--four morning presentations, and an afternoon with an interesting scenario called New Business Game. The first presentation was given by Lucia van Geuns of the Clingendael Inst. Relationships, who spoke on the global strategic setting of the Maghreb.
If global temperatures rise more than 2ºC, the world is in for extreme weather events, more severe droughts, and floods; billions of lives will be affected. A report by the British economist Nicolas Stern shows that economies would not be safe, either. He calls upon governments to spend 1% of their national incomes on the mitigation of climate change, and says that for every Eurodollar that is spent now, it may prevent EUR 5 being spent on adaptation and reacting to climate-caused damage later this century. The Greenpeace "energy revolution" made by German aerospace laboratories shows that when energy is used in a smarter way and when clean energy sources are used to their full potential, climate change can be prevented. A study by the University of Rotterdam shows that this energy scenario could have positive effects on employment with the right policies. The report also shows that there are possible economic benefits to be gained for offshore technology, biomass logistics, energy-efficiency technologies, and solar panels if The Netherlands moves fast.