Africa (Sub-Sahara) Shell has initiated a two-well drilling program in blocks 1 and 4 of the Mafia Deep basin offshore Tanzania. Drilling is taking place in water depths of up to 7,545 ft, with the company and its joint-venture partners Pavilion Energy and Ophir Energy investing almost USD 80 million in the program. The two wells will meet the remaining requirements in the exploration licenses issued by the Tanzanian Ministry of Energy and Minerals. Asia Pacific Petronas has begun gas production from the world's first floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) facility, the PFLNG SATU, at the Kanowit field offshore Malaysia's Sarawak state. The first-gas milestone marked the onset of commissioning and startup for the FLNG facility, preceding commercial production and initial cargo shipment. The facility is fitted with an external turret for operating in water depths of 229 ft to 656 ft. It will extract gas through a flexible subsea pipeline for the liquefaction, production, storage, and offloading of LNG at the field.
Ruby Pipeline, owned and operated by Kinder Morgan, is a 680-mile, 42-inch diameter pipeline system that extends from Wyoming to Oregon providing natural gas supplies from the major Rocky Mountain basins to consumers in California, Nevada and the Pacific Northwest. Pipelines play a vital supporting role in the energy supply chain as one of the most efficient modes of hydrocarbon transportation. Over the past 10 years, the increase in energy demand and strong development in the production of unconventional resources and liquefied natural gas (LNG) has set solid ground for growth in the onshore pipeline sector. The next 5 years will see the realization of a number of ambitious interregional projects, including Nabucco West (an 820-mile, 48-in. Douglas-Westwood estimated in the World Onshore Pipelines Market Forecast 2013–2017 that 270 834 km of onshore pipeline will be installed from 2013 to 2017, increasing by 10% compared with the previous 5-year period.