|Theme||Visible||Selectable||Appearance||Zoom Range (now: 0)|
The floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) facility Espirito Santo, located offshore Brazil in the Parque das Conchas (BC-10) field, is the world's first turret-moored FPSO facility to use steel risers for fluid transfer. The FPSO facility is moored in a water depth of 1780 m, and the internal turret incorporates a total of 21 riser and umbilical slots. The steel risers, which are in a lazywave configuration, were pulled into the turret through inclined I-tubes. Clamps at the top of the I-tubes retain the risers, thus transferring axial loads from the risers to the turret. A clamp casting welded at the bottom of the I-tubes houses a stopper arrangement designed to transfer shear forces and moments from the risers to the turret. The FPSO facility began oil production in July 2009, and now has more than 5 years of operational experience. During this period, inspection of the riser system and the associated flex joint has confirmed the integrity of the design, giving further confidence in the use of steel risers in turret-moored systems.