Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. The Step Change in Safety Human Factors Workgroup strives to improve basic knowledge and understanding of human factors to ensure related risks are managed and controlled properly. The objective of this paper is to highlight the ability to do this proactively through engagement with the workforce. There are downsides to a "hearts and minds" behavioral safety approach.
Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. What Does It Take to Have a Career in Process Safety? Experience working in operating plants at the start of the career can be important to building a successful career in process safety. Twenty-something Jaime Glas is not your typical young professional.
We are on the cusp of the fourth industrial revolution, which promises to revolutionize the way we live and work. Throughout history, as society and technology progress, so too have our workplace safety and health strategies in regard to better knowledge and enhanced regulation. This paper argues for a new workplace safety and health 4.0 strategy that requires an adaptive and highly responsive approach to promote total worker health in the face of rapid technological advancements and changes in employment relationships. To do so, a multipronged strategy is proposed that consists of adaptive workplace safety and health solutions in regard to surveillance, risk assessment, and control measures leveraging on new technologies; effective multistakeholder dialogues for collaborative and sustainable solutions; an anticipatory workplace safety and health governance framework based on shared values and cooperative responsibility; and professional development among health and safety practitioners. This new strategy will enable health and safety professionals to remain effective in this coming industrial revolution.
PART 1 OF THIS ARTICLE, presented in the October 2018 issue (PS, pp. The author describes the research performed and discusses several of the findings. Part 2 presented here discusses additional research findings and the implications for the OSH profession. Finally, the author presents several conclusions. As noted in Part 1 of this article, this study asked respondents to consider 10 leading ergonomic SPIs regarding their ranking of importance, degree of implementation in the workplace and potential barriers to implementation: 1) measuring workers' perceptions of top/line management commitment to ergonomics safety (e.g., safety perception survey); 2) tracking the number of new hires being trained in ergonomics safety before the assignment of their work duties; 3) tracking the number of new hires assigned an OSH mentor to coach them in avoiding the ergonomic hazards of their work duties; 4) tracking the use of prehazard controls to avoid ergonomic hazards (e.g., prevention through design and/or management of change); 5) tracking the number of job hazard analyses (JHA) conducted to avoid ergonomic hazards; 6) measurement of workers' early reporting of strains/sprains they experience (e.g., ergonomic symptoms survey); 7) measuring worker participation in management-led stretch-and-flex exercises; 8) measuring ergonomic losses investigated for root causes within 24 hours; 9) measuring ergonomic improvements implemented; 10) conducting an annual audit of the written ergonomic management control programs (EMCP). This study sought to determine whether significant differences exist in the perceived difficulties or barriers OSH coordinators experience in implementing leading ergonomic SPIs.
The Programme Committee of SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility (HSSE-SR) invites you to submit an abstract proposal and contribute to this event. Abstract proposal submission deadline is on 31 October 2018. Authors will be notified of the status of abstract proposals by 15 November 2018 and manuscript submission deadline is on 25 February 2019.
Can the use of leading OSH indicators reduce the lagging results? The short answer is yes. Leading indicators have been a well-documented component of global occupational health and safety management systems (OHSMS) to evaluate their OSH performance. Effectively operating OHSMS reduce risk and prevent loss events that result in lagging indicators.
While leading indicators have been researched in this realm and the field of quality control, leading ergonomic safety performance indicators (SPIs) have not been specifically studied for evaluating the effectiveness of ergonomic management control programs (EMCP). The author recently completed OSH research to assess the degree to which leading ergonomic SPIs are valued and utilized, identify the perceived difficulties in implementing leading ergonomic SPIs, and examine the impact the person assigned OSH responsibilities has on the use and importance placed on leading ergonomic SPIs.
This research sought a reduction in ergonomic risk and related loss events due to the increased use of leading ergonomic SPIs to measure EMCP effectiveness. An SPI is a lagging or leading indicator to measure performance and evaluate whether a certain OSH or OHSMS goal has been achieved. This research is believed to be the first to study the perceived importance of leading ergonomic SPIs in the evaluation of EMCPs and therefore functions as a baseline for the perception and use of these SPIs, and the possible obstacles to implementation faced by today’s OSH professionals.
With the intended outcome of providing and improving a safe and healthy workplace for workers and persons under an organisation’s control, ISO 45001 provides a structured framework for managing the prevention of work-related injury and ill health. This standard is intended to help organizations, regardless of size or industry, in designing systems to proactively prevent injury and ill health. All its requirements are designed to be integrated into an organization’s management processes. ISO 45001 will adopt a new high-level structure that is common to ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 27001, and so on. Points of Difference From OHSAS 18001 ISO 45001 mainly concentrates on the interaction between an organization and its business environment while OHSAS 18001 was focused on managing occupational health and safety hazards and other internal issues.
Imagine it is a hot summer day and David the field technician receives an electronic text for a service call in the middle of his morning schedule. David adjusts his schedule to accomplish an assigned urgent task: the repair or replacement of a cooling fan for a natural-gas-fired HVAC unit atop the roof of a customer’s correctional facility.
Arriving at the work site 30 minutes later via a company vehicle, David positions an extension ladder to gain access to the client’s roof. He troubleshoots the HVAC unit and determines the malfunction to be a faulty bearing set. David climbs down to his vehicle to obtain the replacement part and returns to the roof with an extension cord and a reciprocating saw to complete the work. He locates a rooftop electrical outlet to power his saw and begins to disassemble the unit. When the repair is completed, David intends to return to ground level, lower and stow the ladder and proceed to a nearby fast food establishment to take his lunch break and cool off.
OSH professionals will quickly grasp the serious injury and fatality (SIF) hazard potentials that this worker encountered while working alone, remotely or in isolation. Consider the motor vehicle operation, ladder ascent/descent, fall from an elevated working surface, flammable gas under pressure, electrical contact through a power tool and extension cord, energized electrical HVAC components, unexpected HVAC start-up, workplace violence potential and heat stress exposure due to elevated temperature extremes.
The risk appetite of U.S. employers is maturing to recognize and respond to the hazards of lone work. Old business paradigms of minimal staffing to achieve maximum profits are being countered with wise risk management decisions to produce quality service and products in a safe manner.
An estimated 53 million people are lone workers in the U.S., Canada and Europe (Myers, 2015). Once OSH professionals begin pondering the topic, work environments and tasks for which lone work has been accepted in the past, despite the related SIF potentials, are easily identified and countered.
Zhao, Xu (Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering (TIWTE)) | Xu, Yanan (Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering (TIWTE)) | Jiang, Yunpeng (Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering (TIWTE)) | Zhang, Yajing (Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering (TIWTE)) | Chen, Hanbao (Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering (TIWTE))
Wave overtopping measurement is one of the key items on the agenda of laboratory physical modelling of wave-structure interaction in coastal engineering. The current general practice of manual collection and weighing in laboratory suffers from several shortcomings: the existence of occupational health and safety hazards, uncertainty in measurement accuracy due to human error, possibility of contact measurement disturbing the physical model, high labor costs etc. This paper introduces an automated system of WOAM (Wave Overtopping Automated Measurement), which can be used to measure total overtopping volume during a wave train (for conversion into the average wave overtopping indicator), time history of wave overtopping during the test, and the largest overtopping volume under a single wave. WOAM adopts the principle of process measurement, and consists of the wave ramp, customized water tank, supporting structure system, water transfer system and data recording system etc. The WOAM system was applied to a cross-section physical modelling in a wave flume. By comparing the measurement results between the conventional method and WOAM, it is found that WOAM fulfils its design functions.
This paper provides an introduction to a wave overtopping automated measurement instrument named WOAM for laboratory physical modelling of wave-structure interaction in the context of port, coastal and offshore engineering.
Wave overtopping takes place when waves meet a submersible reef or structure, or an emerged reef or structure lower than the approximate wave height (De Waal and Van der Meer, 1992; EurOtop, 2007; Goda, 2000; Simm, 1996; TAW Manual, 2002; Weggle, 1976). There are two key indicators for measuring wave overtopping volume. First, the wave overtopping water volume that a wave train incurs across a unit of width of coastal/offshore structures during a unit of time is defined as the average wave overtopping with a unit example L/s per m. Second, the max overtopping volume that occurs under a single wave per unit of structure width is defined as the max single wave overtopping with a unit example L/m. In order to study the effect of waves on the safety of port, coastal and offshore engineering structures, such as wharfs, seawalls, breakwaters and so on, researchers often need to measure the wave overtopping through small-scaled physical model tests in wave flumes or wave basins (Hughes, 1993). The efficiency and accuracy of overtopping measurement is directly related to the quality and reliability of wave physical model tests, hence it is important to develop and employ an accurate and efficient wave overtopping measurement device.
Every year, hardworking Albertans are killed or injured on the job. A strong health and safety workplace culture is essential to preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and deaths. An Act to Protect the Health and Well-Being of Working Albertans was passed in December 2017 to update the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Act and the workers' compensation system. These are the first significant updates in more than 40 years. Alberta’s OHS Act sets the minimum standards for workplace health and safety and outlines the roles and responsibilities of employers and employees.