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The Empire Abo field, located in New Mexico, US, covers 11,000 acres (12.5 miles long by 1.5 miles wide) and contains approximately 380 million stock tank barrels (STB) of original oil in place (OOIP). This reservoir is a dolomitized reef structure (Figure 1) with a dip angle of 10 to 20 from the crest toward the fore reef. The oil column is approximately 900 ft thick, but the average net pay is only 151 ft thick. The pore system of this reservoir is a network of vugs, fractures, and fissures because the primary pore system has been so altered by dolomitization; the average log-calculated porosity was 6.4% BV. Numerical simulations of field performance and routine core analysis data have indicated that the horizontal and vertical permeabilities are about equal.
Documentaries are used both to educate and tell stories that their makers believe should be heard. That applies to documentaries about the inner workings of various industries such as oil and gas. To many outside the petroleum industry, those inner workings are a black box: Money and engineering goes in, gasoline and petrochemical products come out. It is also full of stories, making it an industry ripe for documentarians. The following reviews consider a small handful of the documentaries covering the petroleum industry and what might be learned from them beyond their immediate message.
Medhat (Med) Kamal, who will be the 2023 SPE President, is a Chevron Fellow Emeritus with primary responsibilities including competency development within the company, identification and development of emerging and white-space technology opportunities, and provision of technological advice and counsel to senior management. He formerly was a fellow and leader at the dynamic reservoir characterization group for Chevron Energy Technology Company. Before Chevron he worked for ARCO, Flopetrol Schlumberger, and Amoco. He holds master's and doctorate degrees in petroleum engineering from Stanford University, and a bachelor's degree in petroleum engineering and a master's in engineering from Cairo University.
Philip Kwasi Banini is a co-founder of iWatch Africa, a non-governmental organization and a policy think-tank aimed at shaping the national and regional discourse, deepening transparency, accountability, and citizen participation in the governance process in Africa. He previously worked with a number of public and private organizations, including as contract manager at Moville Realities and Logistics, the project administrator of the Strategic Partnership for Higher Education Innovation and Reform Project, and business development manager at Potters Hollow Company. Banini is a fellow of the Young African Leaders Initiative, African Change-makers Fellowship, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Global Startup Lab. He was the University of Ghana SPE student chapter president in 2015 and currently the secretary of the technical and Distinguished Lecture committee of the SPE Ghana Section. Banini holds a MS in petroleum geoscience and BS in earth sciences from the University of Ghana, Legon.
Andrew L. Smith, SPE, is a risk consultant in Aberdeen. He holds a BS degree in applied chemistry from De Montfort University and a PhD degree in organic chemistry from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. Smith's career spans 50 years of international executive leadership in health, safety, security, environment, and social responsibility; integrated risk; and life-cycle management gained in engineering, fabrication, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning projects associated with the global chemical, petrochemical, and oil and gas industry in South America, Europe, South Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. He is a member of SPE's Health, Safety, and Environment Technical Director's Advisory Committee and a standing member of SPE's Distinguished Lecturer Committee. Smith was an SPE Distinguished Lecturer in 2010–2011.
SPE TWA received numerous high-quality nominations from different parts of the world. An exhaustive, three-step evaluation framework developed by the TWA committee was used. The nominees were evaluated on various scales such as academic and technical credentials; quality of work experience; awards; positions of responsibility; volunteering; and academic, industrial, and social impact. The result was the selection of 17 TWA Energy Influencers whose candidature had the intrinsic qualities of going above and beyond.
Introduction: Gas – The Fuel of the 21st Century Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source. Its use is projected to double between 1999 and 2020. The mix of fossil fuels used to provide energy and petrochemicals is shifting toward natural gas (or just "gas") and away from coal. Natural gas is the more hydrogen-rich fuel. The worldwide increase in demand for natural gas is driven by the abundance of natural gas reserves, continued technological advances in exploration and production, and the desire for low-carbon fuels and cleaner air. The global demand for gas is increasing at more than twice the rate of oil demand. In the near future, one can envision an economy powered by gas. There are approximately 150 trillion m3 of proven natural gas reserves available worldwide as of the year 2000. At current consumption rates, the worldwide reserves-to-production ratio for gas is approximately 65 years, compared with 38 years for crude oil. Many factors support the growth of the use of gas. Natural gas is a clean-burning fuel. It has a higher ratio of hydrogen to carbon compared with fuels like coal and oil; therefore, it releases less carbon dioxide per unit energy output compared with oil and coal. If sulfur is present in natural gas, it is removed at the source gas-processing facility. Additionally, natural gas can be burned with more controlled flame temperature compared with other fossil fuels, resulting in lower NOx emissions. These inherent properties of natural gas make it the fuel of choice compared with coal and oil for achieving reductions in greenhouse emissions. On the down side, the disadvantage of natural gas is that it is more expensive to transport. The calorific value of oil in relation to the volume it occupies, at ambient conditions, is 1,000 times greater than that of gas. Fundamentally, it is this handicap that the oil and gas industry has to address for gas to fulfill its potential as the fuel of the near future. This limitation on gas usage is evident from the fact that only 23% of the world gas production is traded internationally vs. 57% for oil. Gas exploration has generally been limited by the cost to transport the gas to the market; hence, the current reserves of natural gas significantly underestimate the available gas resources. Continued technology development is lowering the cost of production, which, when combined with advances in technology for transporting gas and gas-based products to the market, has increased the focus on gas exploration.
Shell informed Tunisian authorities in May it will hand back upstream concessions and leave the country next year as it turns its focus to renewable energy, according to a Reuters report sourcing a senior official in the country's energy ministry. The license in question is the Miskar concession in the southern city of Gabes. The operator has also requested the early hand-back of the Asdrubal permit, which expires in 2035. Recent reports suggest the operator may be looking for the Tunisian government to extend its permit on the field under more favorable terms ahead of its planned departure.
Seadrill's Sonadrill Holding Ltd., the 50/50 joint venture with an affiliate of Sonangol, has secured a 12-well contract with one option for nine wells and The $131-million contract before options is inclusive of mobilization revenue and additional services with commencement expected in early 2022 and running through mid-2023. The contract is contingent on National Concessionaire approval. Sonangol Quenguela is the second of two Sonangol-owned drillships to be bareboat-chartered into Sonadrill. The drillship is a seventh-generation, DP3, dual activity, e-smart ultradeepwater drillship delivered in 2019, capable of drilling up to 40,000-ft wells. A further two Seadrill-owned units are expected to be bareboat-chartered into Sonadrill.