Tyrie, Jeb (Bridge Petroleum) | Mulcahy, Matt (Bridge Petroleum) | Leask, Robbie (Bridge Petroleum) | Wahid, Fazrie (Bridge Petroleum) | Arogundade, Olamide (Schlumberger) | Khattak, Iftikhar (Schlumberger) | Apena, Gani (Schlumberger) | Samy, Mohammed (Schlumberger) | Sagar, Rajiv (Schlumberger) | Xia, Tianxiang (TRACS International) | Nyadu, Kofi (WorleyParsons, Advision) | Maizeret, Pierre-David (Schlumberger)
This paper describes the proposed re-development of the Galapagos Field, comprising the abandoned NW Hutton field and the Darwin discovery (Block 211/27 UKCS) which forms a southerly extension. The paper covers the initial concept and analytical evaluation, the static uncertainty model build, the dynamic model history-match, the iterations between static and dynamic modelling, the development subsea and well locations, the optimisation workflow of the advanced Flow Control Valve (FCV) completions in both producers and injectors and the facilities constraints.
The redevelopment plan involved several multi-disciplinary teams. 20 years of production data from 52 wells were analysed to identify the production behaviour and confirm the significant target that provided the basis for the development concept selection. The full Brent sequence compartmentalised stochastic static model was based on reprocessed seismic plus 14 exploration and appraisal wells. Streamlines, uncertainty sensitivities and mostly good detective work honed a history match to RFT, BHP, PLT and oil and water production. P50, P90/P10 models were selected and over 100 FCVs optimised to deliver the profiles against an identified FSPO facilities’ constraints.
Over 1,000 static models were delivered consisting of sheet sands, incised valleys and channels in heterolithic facies overprinted by a depth trend with appropriate uncertainty ranges. The high well count gave a tight STOIIP probabilistic range of 790/883/937 million stb. The early RFTs illustrated extreme differential depletion between Brent zones and subzones of the Ness. To history-match these the dynamic model retained the static model definition in the Upper Ness to capture the thin but extensive shales. The early 18-month depletion and the late steady production-injection phases were simulated separately in prediction mode and matched the Production Analysis estimated ‘future’ production giving confidence to the history matched model. The initial concept development of 4 subsea-centres, to cover the large field area, with an injector in each compartment proved a robust selection. The horizontal wells increase PI where needed and mitigate internal faulting. The optimisation of the FCVs significantly increased oil production from all zones and drastically reduced water injection and production so that the identified FPSO modifications were relatively modest. The final First Stage Field Development Plan consists of 11 producers and 6 injectors across developed and undeveloped areas confirmed robust P50 reserves of 84 million boe.
Robust concept selection allowed for early identification of production units so that constraints and modifications could be accounted for within the economic model.
The Galapagos field re-development plan is an excellent example of how detailed static and fully history matched dynamic models can lay the foundations for new technology like the optimisation of the FCVs to access bypassed reserves using significantly smaller production units with reduced requirements for power, compression, gas lift, pumping pressure, injection and production. In short, they shrank the facilities.
In this paper, the authors introduce a novel semianalytic approach to compute the sensitivity of the bottomhole pressure (BHP) data with respect to gridblock properties. Although principal-component analysis (PCA) has been applied widely to reduce the number of parameters characterizing a reservoir, its disadvantages are well-recognized.
With the busy and intense streets of Seoul and the calm and refreshing nature of its mountainous range, South Korea makes a unique destination that everyone should experience at least once. Logos can tell a story by illustrating a business’ brand, vision, ambitions, and core values. In this edition of Young Professionals’ Guide To, we explore two major oil and gas company logos. With a theme on Big Data, this year’s ATCE has plenty in store for young professionals. Data story consumers are focused on summarized results and highlights instead of details of the analysis.
A challenging problem of automated history-matching work flows is ensuring that, after applying updates to previous models, the resulting history-matched models remain consistent geologically. To enhance the applicability of localization to various history-matching problems, the authors adopt an adaptive localization scheme that exploits the correlations between model variables and observations. This paper presents a novel approach to generate approximate conditional realizations using the distributed Gauss-Newton (DGN) method together with a multiple local Gaussian approximation technique. This work presents a systematic and rigorous approach of reservoir decomposition combined with the ensemble Kalman smoother to overcome the complexity and computational burden associated with history matching field-scale reservoirs in the Middle East. This paper presents a comparison of existing work flows and introduces a practically driven approach, referred to as “drill and learn,” using elements and concepts from existing work flows to quantify the value of learning (VOL).
In 1957, the organization was officially founded as SPE, a constituent society of AIME. SPE became a separately incorporated organization in 1985. Our history begins within the American Institute of Mining Engineers (AIME). AIME was founded in 1871 in Pennsylvania, USA, to advance the production of metals, minerals, and energy resources through the application of engineering. In 1913, a standing committee on oil and gas was created within AIME and proved to be the genesis of SPE.
In my view, we still do not possess a full understanding of oil production in unconventional fractured reservoirs. Our ability to forecast such assets remains elusive, even with copious amounts of analytics, mountains of data, and an arsenal of machine-learning tools. Indigo Natural Resources, Aethon Energy, and Rockcliff Energy are among the most active operators in the revived Haynesville Shale of North Louisiana and East Texas. And most people outside of the region likely have never heard of them. In this work, the authors developed a numerical model of in-situ upgrading (IU) on the basis of laboratory experiences and validated results, applying the model to an IU test published in the literature.
Australia’s BHP Billiton and the recently acquired Anadarko Petroleum submitted the largest dollar totals of high bids in US Gulf of Mexico Lease Sale 253. Operator Talos Energy now believes Zama’s gross recoverable resource lies in the upper half of its pre-appraisal estimate of 400–800 million BOE. The consortium is working toward a 2020 final investment decision on the project. The deal consists of stakes in nine shallow-water producing fields covering 108,000 gross acres in 10–50 m of water. The new well control rule is evidence that memories of the Macondo blowout remain a powerful force for caution.
This paper introduces a new core-analysis work flow for determining resistivity index (RI), formation factor (FF), and other petrophysical properties directly from an as-received (AR) set of core samples. In this paper, the authors discuss the characterization process for GR tools and how they behave in boreholes different from the one used in the University of Houston (UH) GR characterization pit. This paper discusses a study undertaken to gain better understanding of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) characteristics of volcanic reservoirs with different lithologies. For this year’s feature, the selected papers provide innovative work flows that assist in determining productivity, reduce the effect of uncertainty conditions, and spark rejuvenation. Twelve organizations—universities and private technology companies—will conduct research and development on emerging shale plays and technologies covering everything from digital pressure-sensing to smart microchip proppant.
The $5.6-billion deal includes the Prudhoe Bay field and the Trans Alaska Pipeline and vaults Hilcorp to be the second-largest Alaska producer and reserves holder, behind only ConocoPhillips. Researchers from the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas quantified the economic impact of the US shale revolution for the first half of this decade. Share prices have plunged for seemingly every major US shale producer, with Concho, Pioneer, and Continental among those receiving the worst of the market’s fury. Have investors completely lost faith in the industry? And are shale executives any more optimistic?
SPE’s History of Petroleum Engineering Technology tells a story of the evolution of technological innovation in obtaining energy from oil and natural gas resources by the people who made it all happen. World’s first oil well drilled at Baku, Azerbaijan. The site includes Oral Histories from some of petroleum engineering’s most notable engineers and scientists, a Timeline of Technological Milestones and Innovation, and links to game-changing Technical Papers. Explore the History of Petroleum Engineering Technology and discover for yourself how the evolution of innovation in the petroleum engineering industry unfolded, and what this innovation over the last 200 years has meant to improving the quality of life for people around the world. The technology timeline displays key technological innovations made in the petroleum engineering industry since the beginning of the 19th Century.