Ahmed, Syed (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Al-Zubail, Ahmad (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Al-Jeshi, Majed (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Yousef, Khaled (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Musabbeh, Alya (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Mousa, Saad (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Bukhari, Adeeb (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Seraihi, Emad (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco) | Alamri, Sultan H. (Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Aramco)
This paper describes integrated solution that leverages Industrial Revolution 4.0 to sustain crude quality specifications for Saudi Aramco supply chain covering more than 50 GOSPs (Gas Oil Separation Plants), Pipelines, and Terminals. Sustaining crude quality specifications such water content (BS&W), salt content, etc. for the Arabian Crudes (Arab light, Arab Extra Light etc.) requires big data analysis across the supply chain. To address this challenge, Saudi Aramco developed a customized solution called Crude Quality Monitoring Solution (CQMS) which leverages 800 critical data streams every minute (PI values), classifies the data according to the risk level impacting crude quality specifications. Three developed risk levels are leading proactive, lagging proactive, and lagging reactive, each of which has a defined acceptable risk matrix. Each risk matrix initiates automated notifications for corrective actions proactively. Moreover, patterns and operational events can be easily recognized in the solution visually. The paper also describes several examples where the solution notifications have proactively remediated process disturbances by up to 20% at upstream and downstream facilities while ensuring asset integrity. The solution deployment has also substantially improved the operational efficiency across the network by benchmarking critical data streams. Saudi Aramco is continuing to enhance the solution capabilities to ensure maximization of the crude network.
A Saudi Aramco department operates 12 gas oil separation plants (GOSPs) that have water-oil separators (WOSEPs) for produced water deoiling. The water is then injected back into the reservoir to maintain pressure. This paper provides details of the operational best practices and technologies for ensuring that the produced water is within specification.
A thorough analysis was conducted to determine the areas of improvement by adjusting process parameters, enhancing the upstream process controls and implementing modifications in the WOSEP. The impact of all changes was measured by monitoring the quality of produced water, particularly the oil in water concentration, through frequent sampling. Moreover, design deficiencies were observed, which led to the proposal of specific WOSEP internal upgrades and new technologies for enhancing the deoiling performance. All recommendations were combined into a single roadmap for the department.
Significant improvements in produced water quality were observed. This includes an 80% reduction in off-spec samples and a lower average oil in water concentration. The roadmap also includes proposals for major upgrades to the existing WOSEP design.
The WOSEP performance roadmap provides innovative yet simple best practices that can improve the deoiling efficiency. Moreover, it links WOSEP performance to process flow stability.
Reliability engineering unit conducted comprehensive and detailed study of machinery lubrication systems for salt water injection pumps and gas compressors operating at various facilities of north Ghawar producing department of Saudi Aramco to achieve lubrication excellence. As a part of lubrication study, data from the following sources was collected, analyzed and gaps were addressed for better contamination control to enhance equipment reliability and compliance KPI.
Saudi Arabia removed Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih from his position as chairman of Saudi Aramco as the government prepares to sell shares in the state-owned oil company. Al-Falih will be replaced by Yasir Al-Rumayyan, head of the sovereign wealth fund. The appointment of Al-Rumayyan, an Aramco board member and an adviser to Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, will separate the Ministry of Energy from Aramco and avoid conflicts of interest as the company prepares for the upcoming initial public offering (IPO), according to news reports. Selling a stake in Aramco, which could be the world's largest IPO, is a key part of the prince's plan to wean the Saudi economy of its heavy reliance on oil. Plans for the IPO were put on hold last year as Aramco focused on the $69 billion acquisition of a majority stake in a state chemical maker.
One of the goals cherished by modern organizations is gender balance, as a proven way to enhance productivity, boost the motivation of employees and enrich the leadership pipelines of internal succession plans. The energy sector follows closely this trend, inclusive of major organizations of operations and services, especially in Oil and Gas. And in no other region of the world this is now more visible than in the Middle East, one of the most active and traditionally leading and strategic regions in the segment. This paper summarizes what factors were fundamental for the very visible blooming of the female leadership, particularly in the oil and gas sectorin the Gulf Cooperation Council GCC countries. Certainly, middle-eastern women do not account yet for a large or representative number inthe highest roles of private or National Oil Companiesof their countries, but things are rapidly changing, and the blooming is real.
A comparison of key elements considered diagnostic about the empowerment of women, like female workforce percentages, gender gap indexes, and representation of women in leadership roles in oil and gas are herein analyzed for the GCC, comparing those with figures of other regions of the World. Other indicators were included in the analysis, which proved to be key for developing women's leadership, in particular, communication strategies, empowering plans, training, active and visible endorsement of top leaders and other strategies of governmental agencies and corporations. Definitively, the Middle East, and particularly the GCC countries, in which our study is centered, have boldly address cultural issues and traditional barriers, to produce step-changes that are quickly transforming the oil and organizations in all countries of the region. A forecast of opportunities for women's leadership in the upstream and downstream sectors of the oil industry in the future is proposed, in a story of learned best practices worth sharing.
The paper includes a summary of the standing and utilization of social media channels by main organizations in oil and gas. A frame of the current trends analyzed resulted in the identification of the organizations more successful in the utilization of these key channels, so relevant for the general audiences and the new generations. Some unexpected findingsshaped our conclusions about strategies instrumental for step-changes needed in political or cultural settings that may be challenging for boosting women's empowerment.
Young engineers and professionals from the Saudi Aramco E&P business line organized a visit in May for undergraduate students from King Fahd U. of Petroleum and Minerals to Saudi Aramco's Visualization Center. The students were first introduced to the Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center (Expec) and its functions. The introduction was followed by a short video titled "Expec, Center of Innovation." The students were then guided to the Visualization Center, where engineers Khalid Zamil, Mubarak Dossary, and Bader Harbi welcomed the visitors and illustrated to them how visualization applications are developed and used in Saudi Aramco. The objective of the visit was to expose the students to advanced technologies used in the E&P business and motivate them to consider joining E&P businesses after graduation.
Young professionals are under huge pressure to develop fast so that they can take leadership roles in the industry. The first Saudi Arabian Young Professionals Technical Symposium was held on 9 May in Dhahran, focusing on the development of young professionals and attracting more than 300 participants. The theme was "Leading the Future: An Era of Opportunities." Key speakers included Mohammed Y. Al-Qahtani, Southern Reservoir manager at Saudi Aramco; Khaled Nouh, vice president of Schlumberger Oilfield Services; and Mohammed Al-Askar, director of Information and Public Relations, Office of The Minister of Minerals and Resources, Saudi Arabia. Abdul-Jaleel Al-Khalifah, 2007 SPE president, and Fatema Al-Awami, a supervisor in Saudi Aramco, participated in the symposium's panel discussion, "Delivering Energy: How to Carry On." Five months of planning went into the symposium, and its objective was to provide a forum for a broad range of E&P topics, including drilling, production, formation evaluation, reservoir engineering, reservoir characterization, gas technology, energy management, environmental issues, and information technology.
The SPE Saudi Arabia Section hosted its third Young Professional (YP) Technical Symposium in March at the Plaza Conference Center, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. "We as young professionals are cognizant that the future is laden with opportunities, but also full of challenges," said Yousif Al-Tahan, vice-chairman for YP and Student Outreach (YP&SO), Saudi Arabia Section, at the opening ceremony. "The future doesn't worry us--it excites us." It was the largest YP gathering ever in the country, with more than 400 delegates from local and international oil companies participating. Saudi Aramco President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Khalid A. Al-Falih opened the gathering by emphasizing his company's support for technical professionals in their career growth.
I am honored to be recognized at an international level by my peers for my years of service to SPE. My involvement with SPE has greatly expanded my professional network, which has led to some amazing opportunities in my career. Favorite volunteer activity: Perhaps, my favorite endeavor was serving on the organizing committee for an SPE Applied Technology Workshop on Deepwater Operations – Post Drilling & Completions held in 2012. My message to young professionals (YPs): Take an active role in any professional organization to which you belong. I felt grateful to the colleagues and friends who initiated and supported the nomination.