|Theme||Visible||Selectable||Appearance||Zoom Range (now: 0)|
Digital twins are nothing but the 3D digital replica of a physical thing. They have been in existence since the days computer-aided design became mainstream during the 1990s. However, they remained standalone replicas for the next 20 years until augmented reality (AR) became prominent in the gaming and entertainment industries. As TechNewsWorld notes, AR—often referred to as mixed reality—is an immersive and "interactive experience of a real-world environment where computer-generated perceptual information enhances real-world objects." The technology expands our physical world by adding a digital layer and generating the AR.
A cloud-based augmented reality system is presented which is designed to enhance the real-time collaboration of domain experts involved in modeling large reservoirs. An evaluation of traditional techniques is compared with this new approach. Work-from-home (WFH) scenarios are becoming more important and, in some cases, critical. There is a need to untether the geologist and other domain experts from high end office-bound workstations.
Reservoir models in recent years have become increasingly large. The volume of seismic, well data and modeling data structures presents a challenge in both management of the data and making it accessible to domain experts and others. The traditional practice of siloing data in various disconnected data repositories in various corporate data centers is becoming increasingly untenable. What is needed is a comprehensive approach that scales to the largest models and is accessible anywhere for time critical analysis and collaboration. The authors have created a prototype of a potential solution to this problem, where the model resides in the cloud and can be visualized in augmented reality either as a hologram through a head mounted display or through the AR capabilities of tablets and smartphones. This technology is ideal for WFH scenarios: it is light weight, inexpensive and does not require broadband speeds in excess of what most home users can access.
What we have found is that AR based approaches to modeling large reservoirs can rival traditional workstation approaches. Furthermore, AR based approaches are superior for close collaboration among domain experts. Collaboration on 3D models has not changed significantly in a generation. For co-located personnel the approach is to gather around a 2D screen. For remote personnel the approach is sharing a model through a 2D screen along with video chat. Over the years various attempts have been tried to enhance the collaboration experience and have all fallen short. Virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a solution. However, we have found that augmented reality (AR) is a much better solution for many reasons which are explored in the paper.
The cloud has been transformative for nearly every industry. The oil and gas industry has been slow to adopt cloud technologies for many reasons that have largely been overcome. AR has already acquired an impressive track record in various industries. AR will have applications in nearly all industries. For various historical reasons, the uptake for AR is much faster in some industries than others. It is too early to tell whether the use of cloud-based augmented reality for modeling large reservoirs will be transformative, however the results of this initial work are promising.
Qrain, Afra Al (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management) | Reddy, Ganga (ADNOC Gas Processing, Analyst, Technical Applications) | Jadhav, Satyaprasad (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management)
Plant operators and maintenance personnel form majority of the workforce in ADNOC Gas Processing. Ensuring their safety and competency is crucial. Over the past few years, ADNOC Gas Processing (company) has observed that a great deal of resources are spent annually on conventional training methods that are inefficient in terms of time, cost, and knowledge retention. With the advent of many technologies, Virtual Reality is found to be gaining ground; however, there are no clear guidelines on how to properly assess and select a one-stop VR solution that is sustainable and fit for the future.
This paper presents a review of VR solutions in the oil and gas industry through the development of multiple prototypes (proof of concepts) in collaboration with many solution providers. The objective was to: 1) Establish a learning experience and knowledge about VR main features, hardware, software and applications, 2) Evaluate the capabilities of various VR solutions in the context of field operator and maintenance training, 3) and develop guidelines or minimum functional design requirements for implementing VR.
Although all VR solutions shared similarities, there were some key differentiators that are considered success factor when selecting a one-stop VR solution. Examples of such factors include the ability to seamlessly convert CAD format to VR environment with high graphic and visual effects. VR should also allow the interactivity of 3D objects to its finest details, and render spatial sounds. Moreover, it should have inbuilt or integrated learning management system to record competency assessments of the trainees, and so many more as explained throughout this paper.
VR Field simulator is used in many applications and accrues several benefits such as reducing raining cost, improving people's competency, increasing efficiency as projects investment is recovered quickly, improving HSE as all types trainings can be delivered off-site, enhancing performance since it allows accurate off-site planning, and validates ergonomic design before commissioning
Virtual-reality technology offers immersive learning opportunities for an increasingly broad range of experiences. The Environmental Defense Fund revealed a new “find and fix” virtual-reality experience, the Methane CH4llenge simulation, which takes users into a digitally simulated wellsite to show the ease and efficiency of controlling key sources of methane emissions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation.
The Health and Safety Executive, a UK safety authority, has served BP with an improvement notice regarding its training for lifeboat evacuation on the Glen Lyon floating production vessel, west of Shetland. Safety training must hurdle barriers built by people’s confidence in their misconceptions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation. How much value are you obtaining from your safety communication and training efforts?
During the past decade, industries have made tremendous efforts in developing robust and effective systems in health, safety, and environment. Now, companies are called on to focus on process safety as well. Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. What is the reality of risk in the hydrocarbon sector?
Virtual reality technology has become a powerful training tool for companies looking to recreate real-life, on-the-job oil industry scenarios. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
For the upstream industry, where improvement in efficiency or production can drive significant financial results, there is no question that the size of the digital prize is huge. Wearable computers are turning heads in the oil and gas industry and appear to be on a trajectory for widespread adoption. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
The biggest drilling company appears interested in becoming the most innovative. It is testing inventions ranging from a blowout preventer that is not hydraulically powered to power systems designed like a hybrid car. Adopting a robust set of Life-Saving Rules can reduce fatalities and lost-time injuries. The new economic environment known as “lower for longer” has had no small effect on offshore safety, said a panel of experts at the 2017 Offshore Technology Conference. With the US Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement as a cochair of the steering committee, SPE held a 2-day summit in April to discuss the development and implementation of an industrywide safety-data sharing framework.
About 16% of US offshore production in the Gulf of Mexico remains offline after Hurricane Laura caused mass evacuations more than a week ago. International SOS has led medical services operations on offshore installations globally and has managed clinical cases in which patients presented with signs and symptoms of known infectious illnesses. The complete paper describes a service company’s approach to the development and application of technology and innovative solutions to improve driving performance on the basis of extensive data analysis. In 2013, ExxonMobil PNG facilitated a public/private partnership to improve healthcare education at the University of Papua New Guinea and clinical management in child health at Port Moresby General Hospital and other facilities. The complete paper discusses Equinor’s operation planning tool, developed to present planners with the technical conditions of a platform, identify potentially dangerous combinations of concurrent activities, and propose learnings from 8 years of incident recordings.