The decision may alleviate some of the pressures oil and gas producers faced in the wake of their imposition last year. Canada and Mexico made up a combined 20% of US imports of oil country tubular goods in 2017. Operators are increasing capital budgets in the wake of tariffs and quotas initiated by the US government on steel imports, and the product exclusion process has revealed a host of other issues. If the tariffs are here to stay, what does industry hope to see moving forward? How will a US steel tariff affect the oil and gas supply chain?
The Charles F. Rand Memorial Gold Medal is awarded for distinguished achievement in mining administration, including metallurgy and petroleum. If they have received the Anthony F. Lucas Medal or the Robert Earll McConnell Award. If they are a recipient of SPE Honorary Membership. If they are on the current SPE Board of Directors, Charles F. Rand Memorial Gold Medal award committee, or have served in these positions during the past 2 years. If they have received the Anthony F. Lucas Medal or the Robert Earll McConnell Award.
BHP announced a 5-year, $400-million Climate Investment Program to develop technologies to reduce emissions from its operations as well as those generated from the use of its resources. By refusing development consent of a coal mine on the basis of likely contribution to climate change and adverse social impacts, the New South Wales Land and Environment Court has drawn attention to the increasing importance of human rights considerations in assessing the impact of major projects. There is more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere than there has been for 800,000 years—since before our species evolved. Royal Dutch Shell is changing its tune on carbon, saying it will tie executive pay to shorter-term reductions in emissions. A dire government report on the far-reaching impact of climate change could increase pressure on the energy industry to curb greenhouse gas emissions and political leaders to act more decisively to reduce the use of fossil fuels, analysts said.
Ordinary carbon steel is by far the most important alloy in the oil and gas industry because it accounts for more than 98% of the construction materials used in produced-water systems. As a general rule, every attempt should be made to use steel, such as modifying the process with corrosion inhibitors in the fluid or coating the steel. Proper material selection is critical for long operation life and minimal maintenance. A small increase in capital expenditure for an optimum material selection can greatly reduce the mean time to maintenance or failure, thus greatly saving on operating expenses. As a general rule, every attempt should be made to use steel, such as modifying the process with corrosion inhibitors in the fluid or coating the steel.
A rupture of buckled steel pipes on the tensile side of a cross-section is studied in this paper as the most plausible case of ultimate failure for the pressurized buried pipelines under monotonically increasing curvature. Finite element simulation of full-scale bending tests on two pressurized X80 pipes with different yield-to-tensile strength (Y/T) ratios were conducted. The Y/T ratio and internal pressure were identified as the crucial factors that have a coupled effect on the ultimate failure mode of buckled pipes. That is, the high values of Y/T ratio and internal pressure mutually trigger the rupture of buckled pipes on the opposite side of the wrinkling.
Steel pipelines are so ductile and can accommodate a large amount of post-buckling deformations while preserving their operational safety and structural integrity. To benefit from this outstanding quality and prevent the buckled (wrinkled) pipelines from premature rupture, the postbuckling behavior of the steel pipes should be well understood.
Rupture is one of the major failure limits to the integrity of pipelines that endangers the environment as well as the public safety and property. Comprehensive experimental and numerical studies on the fracture of buckled steel pipes (Das, 2003; Sen, 2006; Mohajer Rahbari, 2017) show that under increased monotonic curvature, successive buckles (wrinkling) are formed on the compressive side of the wall, and the occurrence of rupture at the wrinkling location is unlikely because of the ductile nature of steel material. Rupture of wrinkling can occur once buried pipelines are subject to a very rare and changing boundary conditions accompanied by extremely large plastic deformations toward tearing the wrinkled wall (Ahmed, 2011). However, experiments have shown that the increasing curvature can easily trigger the postbuckling rupture of the tensile wall on the opposite side of the wrinkling (Sen, 2006; Mitsuya et al., 2008; Tajika and Suzuki, 2009; Igi et al., 2011; Tajika et al., 2011; Mitsuya and Motohashi, 2013; Mitsuya and Sakanoue, 2015). This mode of failure seems very likely to be the rupture limit of the wrinkled pipes, as it occurs following the same regime of monotonic bending deformations that have previously made the pipe buckle.