In this paper, gravel-pack pore size is evaluated further by use of the permeability of the gravel pack and other methods. A new sizing method is proposed that is based on the effective formation size and the gravel-pack pore size. An operator successfully executed two wireline through-tubing gas-shutoff (GSO) workovers in high-angle openhole-gravel-pack (OHGP) completions to isolate high-gas/oil-ratio (HGOR) zones, resulting in significantly increased oil production.
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Thank you for attending the Well Intervention Conference and Exhibition. As a joint effort between the societies, this name change provided the opportunity to expand our programming and share technical solutions that appeal to a larger audience within the oil and gas industry. Intervention conveyance options was retained as a part of the program. As a joint effort between the societies, this name change provided the opportunity to expand our programming and share technical solutions that appeal to a larger audience within the oil and gas industry. Intervention conveyance options was retained as a part of the program.
This short course is designed to provide knowledge and understanding of surface equipment, downhole tools, various applications, and operational contingencies for rigless well interventions involving coiled tubing, slickline, or wireline. The participants will learn first-hand knowledge of the capability of each intervention and what to consider when choosing which intervention method to utilize. The course will cover recommended risk mitigation and well control barriers as well as best practices gained from years of experience and application. To further illustrate the intervention methods utilized to resolve well issues or enhance well performance, real world examples for coiled tubing, slickline and wireline will be presented and discussed. Recognize and explain function of CT, Slickline, and wireline equipment Recognize and explain function of the Pressure Control Equipment and Bottom-hole assembly’s for coiled tubing, slickline and wireline interventions.
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Khare, Sameer (Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited) | Baid, Rahul (Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited) | Prusty, Jyotsna (Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited) | Agrawal, Nitesh (Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited) | Gupta, Abhishek Kumar (Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited)
The objective of the paper is to present the methodology adopted for dual artificial system modeling in Aishwariya field– an onshore oil field located in prolific Barmer Basin, India. This paper presents a conceptual and feasibility study of combination of Jet pump (JP) and Electrical Submersible Pump (ESP) together as means of artificial lift for production enhancement in a well. It discusses the workflow to model a well producing on dual artificial lift (ESP producing in combination with Jet-Pump) via industry standard software and demonstrates the same with a successful case study.
Requirement of ESP change outs to restore/enhance well production in cases such as undersized pumps, pump head degradation requires an expensive work-over. However, an option for secondary additional lift (JP) installation along with primary lift (ESP) in completion system can eliminate the costly wok-over requirement if both lifts can operate simultaneously.
The procedure to model the dual artificial lift (JP and ESP) has two major components: a) Psuedo IPR at ESP discharge node and b) Standard JP modeling using pseudo IPR. Pseudo IPR is generated by modifying well specific IPR using ESP pump curve for a specific frequency. The down-hole ESP pump intake & discharge pressure sensors help calibrate the model accurately for further prediction.
The existing completion in the Aishwariya field is ESP completion with the option of JP installation in cases of ESP failures as contingency. Moreover, jet pump can be installed using slick line with minimum well downtime (∼ 6 hrs). Therefore, installing and operating the Jet pump above a running ESP will not only increase the drawdown but will result in production enhancement with minimal cost.
Foaming in absorber column for sour gas treatment using amine is a common problem which adversely affects column performance leading to reduction in sales and fuel-gas production and solvent loss. Mostly antifoam injection has been a common method to counter the foaming, large dosage and frequent dosing of antifoam many a times aggravates the problem. This study details an alternative technique based on pressure pulse mechanism to control foaming in one of ONGC's gas sweetening plants.
One of ONGC's amine based sour gas sweetening plants faced severe foaming problem frequently. The feed rate is 200 kscm/hr and absorber column operating pressure is 51 kg/cm2. The experiment utilizes the property of surface tension which fluctuates with change in pressure of the system leading to foam collapse. The experimental procedure involved varying the sour gas feed rate, thereby creating pressure pulse inside the absorber column. Differential pressure across the column which is an indicator of foaming tendency is then monitored and controlled within 1.0 kg/cm2 and recorded for establishing effectiveness of the method.
It is observed that by providing a number of cycles of pressure pulse in the absorber, the differential pressure stabilizes gradually which indicates collapse of foam. It shows that whenever there is increase in feed, expansion of bubble takes place which provides high interfacial liquid-vapour contact. On the other hand whenever there is decrease in feed rate, compression of bubble takes place which provides low interfacial liquid-vapour contact. Surface layer surrounding the bubbles in a foam acts as a membrane or skin that can stretch or relax in response to change in pressure and gives a mechanical shock which breaks the bubble. The increase of size ultimately leads to instability and break-up of the upper surface and releases the liquid holdup. Hence by using feed rate spikes, the pressure of the bubble is pulsed to higher levels and returned to substantially the original level. This cycle continues for a selected number of times so that this pressure pulse travels through the liquid and bubbles and affects its surface tension. This results into a transition phase which in very high energy level breaks the bubble and releases the gas and decreases the liquid hold up and controls the foaming phenomenon.
This paper will gives an insight into a novel methodology of mitigating foaming problem in a sour gas treating absorber just by varying the feed rates in a controlled manner. This technique eliminates the need for injecting antifoam agents which in turn will reduce the operating expenditure of the plant. Adverse impact on environment due to excessive use of antifoam agent is also minimized.
Case studies of mill-out operations in the Permian Basin which evaluate chemical programs and processes used. Results show how existing processes and chemicals used or lack thereof, can affect equipment and undo the preventative chemical treatments used during the hydraulic fracturing process.
The study looks at field water testing performed during various mill-out operations and considered workover rig vs coiled tubing, equipment set up, water & chemicals used, and operational challenges. Water analyses were completed on the injection water and returns at various intervals of the mill-out. Effectiveness of chemical treatment was also monitored when biocide was used.
Field case studies of horizontal wells for two operators in the Permian Basin are presented. Wells were milled-out utilizing workover rigs or coiled tubing units. Testing results show the impact of equipment setup and operations process on the water quality and efficiency of the chemicals used. Water fouling was prevalent in all cases, with coiled tubing jobs showing the highest degree of water contamination and chemical inefficiency. Changes in the water treatment program during operations showed significant improvement and sustainable results. Potential corrosion of the work string due to water fouling and water composition were also observed. The effects of changes to chemical dosages were also monitored. This was important because it identified operational improvements that can reduce equipment replacement costs, reduce chemical overuse and help protect wells from fouling due to high bacteria.
These case study provides a comprehensive review of mill-out operations, which provides guidelines for improving chemical efficiency and potential of extending life of the work string.