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It goes by many names: remote work, telework, and work from home being some of the most common. Once the purview of Silicon Valley and the tech world, it has suddenly become the new way of working for millions of office workers across the globe. A selection of outstanding young professionals in the oil and gas industry whose work positively influences and inspires others. Have an Idea for Oil and Gas? Here’s How to File a Patent Strong intellectual property protection for innovative technology is one way to remain competitive. The surest way to safeguard emerging technologies is by securing patent protection.
If you have used the random forest algorithm, then you already have used the Ensemble Machine Learning (EML) method, probably without realizing it. This article will explain, in very simple terms, the principle behind this relatively new ML paradigm. Can Data Science Help Solve One of the Oil Industry’s Thorniest Problems? Water-in-oil emulsions cost millions in maintenance, reduce oil recovery, and create excess carbon. These economic and environmental burdens may finally be resolved.
The fourth edition of the Sustainability Reporting Guidance for the Oil and Gas Industry increases the number of issue areas from 12 to 21 and includes a greater focus on climate and energy. The American Petroleum Institute has published a significantly updated version of a key safety standard aimed at enhancing the oil and natural gas industry’s commitment to worker safety, incident prevention, and environmental protection in offshore operations. More than 60 producers participate in the program designed to reduce wellsite emissions. Recommended Practice 2001, Fire Protection in Refineries, includes important revisions on hazard analysis, new ways to improve the design of refineries to help prevent fires, and new information on managing the potential environmental impact of firefighting foams and marine firefighting. The American Petroleum Institute announced the publication of its Guide for Developing an Unmanned Aircraft Systems Program, which will help ensure worker and operational safety as the industry introduces drones in its operations.
As Oil Companies Fade Away, Who Will Buy Their Wells? Shale producers proved they could pump out record volumes of oil by drilling horizontal wells and then fracturing them intensively. Now the industry needs to find buyers for many wells and acreage with hard-to-determine values. The all-cash deal bucks a recent trend of international oil companies divesting of Canadian assets and adds 15,000 B/D of production to the buyer’s total. A company built with a plan to quickly profit from the shale boom began a slow decline when oil prices sank to $50/bbl.
Corrosion of metal in the presence of water is a common problem across many industries. The fact that most oil and gas production includes co-produced water makes corrosion a pervasive issue across the industry. Age and presence of corrosive materials such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exacerbate the problem. Corrosion control in oil and gas production is reviewed in depth in Treseder and Tuttle, Brondel, et al., and NACE, from which some of the following material is abstracted. Iron is inherently (thermodynamically) sufficiently active to react spontaneously with water (corrosion), generating soluble iron ions and hydrogen gas. The utility of iron alloys depends on minimizing the corrosion rate. Corrosion of steel is an "electrochemical process," involving the transfer of electrons from iron atoms in the metal to hydrogen ions or oxygen in water. This separation of the overall corrosion process into two reactions is not an electrochemical nuance; these processes generally do take place at separate locations on the same piece of metal. This separation requires the presence of a medium to complete the electrical circuit between anode (site of iron dissolution) and cathode (site for corrodant reduction). Electrons travel in the metal phase, but the ions involved in the corrosion process cannot. Ions require the presence of water; hence, corrosion requires the presence of water.
Gutierrez Mesías, Fernando (Repsol Exploración Perú) | Changano Guevara, Humberto Felipe (Repsol Exploración Perú) | Díaz Venero, Carlos Alfonso (Repsol Exploración Perú) | Garcia Espinoza, Alan Marlon (Repsol Exploración Perú) | Zorrilla Salazar, Ruth Celina (Repsol Exploración Perú) | Ahumada Morales, Carlos (Repsol Exploración Perú)
Repsol Exploración Perú (Repsol) develops its operations in accordance with its integrated policy and incorporates the criteria of safety, health and environment in all activities. In compliance with this policy, Repsol develops environmental management strategies (EMA) for its projects. The EMA prepared for the Environmental Impact Study of the Sagari Field Development Project - Block 57 is based on the mitigation hierarchy. This hierarchy proposes measures to avoid, mitigate, restore or compensate for the negative challenges identified for the project in its planning, construction, operation and abandonment stages. This project includes the completion of a well in Sagari BX, the drilling and completion of 2 development wells in Sagari AX, the drilling of an injector well, and the construction and operation of an 18.7 km conduit that joins the new facilities of production and connections to the affected facilities in Kinteroni. The project is located in an area of high biodiversity and overlaps the buffer zones of the Machiguenga Communal Reserve and Otishi National Park. This document has two objectives: The first is to show the mitigation measures incorporated into the project, which meet the highest industry standards. The second objective is to serve as a guide and reference during the planning of similar hydrocarbon exploration and development projects in the Amazon.
The objective of the paper is to share the scientific basis for adopting the new ACGIH TLV for manganese (Mn), and to discuss the systematic process for implementing the change across businesses involving both employee and contractor workforces. In addition, it will describe the minimum worker controls and optional strategies that were implemented to control manganese and other metal fume exposures during welding and hot work. A review of manganese welding exposure data and available worker controls (engineering, administrative controls, PPE) is provided.
The approach involved both the review and validation of the science that provided the basis of the ACGIH TLV for manganese using an internal Occupational Exposure Limit (OEL) development and review process, and the assessment of manganese exposure during welding and hot work. Based on the risk of worker exposure to manganese above the ACGIH TLV, an implementation strategy was developed that included exposure monitoring, review of work activities with exposures over the OEL, changes to existing work controls, communications to management and field supervision, review of available control technology, and engagement with the welding community.
Exposure data and minimum work controls were successfully reviewed with line management and welders (both contractor and employee). The understanding of the Mn exposure data and the potential adverse health effects of overexposure facilitated the demonstration and trial use of new technology powered air purifying respirators (PAPRs) by contract welders working on a pipeline project. Lessons learned have been shared with the PAPR manufacturers and incorporated in training and safety and health procedures. The implementation of new work controls has required changes to existing work practices by welders and their helpers.
Key learnings from the implementation of new welding work controls are that significant time and effort must be put into understanding the science and basis of the exposure limit and gathering exposure data to compare to a new limit. If there is the potential for overexposure based on the operations and work tasks, then a review of available control technology (e.g. reduced manganese in welding rods/wires, portable ventilation equipment, feasible respiratory equipment) is required before developing and documenting minimum work controls. Finally, a robust strategy for communication to line management, employees, and contractor management must be developed.
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Application of a new Mn exposure limit drove the use of more protective work controls than were previously used by the majority of the welding community, which typically follows the OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) for manganese that was established in 1968. This paper provides practice-based methodology in overcoming the challenges associated with implementation of the new ACGIH TLV in welding applications.
IHS Markit says the industry is showing a “striking pace of growth” and dynamic commercial environment fuel movement to zero-carbon sources. Pemex and Talos Energy have 120 days to decide how to share a massive offshore field that both companies claim they should operate. Failure to come to terms means the government will decide the matter. Nearly everything’s on the table as companies aim to shore up portfolios by curtailing investments and dumping low-priority assets. Two of the biggest assets to suffer from the new valuation are in Australia.
One of the shale sector’s legacy service providers filed for court-supervised bankruptcy protection on Monday, 20 July. Based in the Houston area, BJ Services said in its filing that it also intends to sell core assets that include its cementing business and portions of its hydraulic fracturing inventory. The company reports that is active in every major US and Canadian shale basin. In a statement, Warren Zemlak, the president and chief executive officer of BJ Services, said the financial situation was precipitated by the COVID-19 pandemic and its negative impact on demand. In the court filings BJ Services said the value of its assets and debt holdings ranged between $500 million and $1 billion.